Lung calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding proteins: structure and function

Francis H C Tsao, William M. Hull, Marie S. Strickland, Jeffrey A. Whitsett, Thomas K F Foo, George Zografi, Paul M. DeLuca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Distinct peptide maps of two rabbit lung Ca2+-dependent phospholipid-binding proteins (PLBPs), 36 000 and 33 000, were generated by cyanogen bromide (CNBr) cleavage, trypsin or Staphylococcus aureus V8 proteinase digestion. The amino acid sequence of a CNBr-cleaved peptide of the 36 000 PLBP was aligned to the amino terminus of human lipocortin I with more than 77% identity, but had no identity with the known amino terminal sequence of other known annexins. Partial amino acid sequence of a 33 000 PLBP peptide demonstrated a close (56%) relationship to endonexin II, human placental anticoagulant protein, and porcine intestine protein II, but shared only 32% identity with lipocortin I, 30% with lipocortin II. Antiserum generated against purified 36 000 PLBP reacted strongly with the 33 000 PLBP, but did not react with any other rabbit lung cytosolic proteins. Both PLBPs inhibited the phospholipase A2 reaction when dioleoyl phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylglycerol vesicles or monolayers were used as substrates. In the vesicle assay, the phospholipase A2 reaction was inhibited at lower substrate phospholipid concentrations but not at nearly saturating substrate concentrations. In the monolayer assay, the phospholipid-binding proteins did not inhibit phospholipase A2 at a low phospholipid surface concentration of 3.8·10-3 molecules/Å2, but they did at higher surface concentrations between 1.1·10-2 and 3.8·10-2 molecules/Å2. The inhibition of phospholipase A2 by rabbit lung phospholipid-binding proteins is most likely due to the prevention of penetration by phospholipase A2 into the interface, a requirement for the enzyme to act on the substrate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-150
Number of pages10
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Volume1081
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 28 1991
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Calcium ion dependence
  • Lung
  • Monolayer
  • Phospholipase A
  • Phospholipid-binding protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Tsao, F. H. C., Hull, W. M., Strickland, M. S., Whitsett, J. A., Foo, T. K. F., Zografi, G., & DeLuca, P. M. (1991). Lung calcium-dependent phospholipid-binding proteins: structure and function. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism, 1081(2), 141-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-2760(91)90019-E