Lumenal labeling of rat hepatocyte early endosomes

Presence of multiple membrane receptors and the Na+,K+-ATPase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We used lactoperoxidase-mediated iodination to investigate the lumenal polypeptide composition of rat hepatocyte endosomes. A chemical conjugate of asialoorosomucoid and lactoperoxidase that binds specifically to hepatocyte asialoglycoprotein receptors was perfused through isolated rat livers at 16°C in the presence of mannan, resulting in the accumulation of ligand in early endosomes. Endosome containing low density vesicle fractions were subsequently isolated from sucrose gradients of microsomes, and the lactoperoxidase moiety was used to catalyze the iodination of lumenal-facing proteins. After gel electrophoresis, 125I-labeled early endosomes reproducibly showed a distinct 125I-polypeptide profile containing prominently labeled bands migrating at 43, 52, 58, 90, 110, 135, 230, and >300 kDa. The asialoglycoprotein receptor (43-, 52-, and 58-kDa subunits) was by far the predominantly labeled protein even when iodinations were performed under conditions of receptor-ligand dissociation, and we conclude that it is the most abundant hepatocyte early endosomal protein. Furthermore, the iodination profile of the three asialoglycoprotein receptor subunits differed strikingly from their chemical amounts. Using immunoprecipitation, we directly identified the Na+,K+-ATPase; to our knowledge, this is the first biochemical evidence for the Na+,K+-ATPase in rat hepatocyte early endosomes. We also directly identified receptors for mannose 6-phosphate, epidermal growth factor, transferrin, and polymeric IgA in 125I-labeled early endosomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8213-8221
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number12
StatePublished - Apr 25 1992

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Endosomes
Asialoglycoprotein Receptor
Lactoperoxidase
Labeling
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Rats
Hepatocytes
Halogenation
Membranes
IGF Type 2 Receptor
Ligands
Mannans
Facings
Peptides
Proteins
Transferrin
Electrophoresis
Epidermal Growth Factor
Liver
Sucrose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Lumenal labeling of rat hepatocyte early endosomes: Presence of multiple membrane receptors and the Na+,K+-ATPase",
abstract = "We used lactoperoxidase-mediated iodination to investigate the lumenal polypeptide composition of rat hepatocyte endosomes. A chemical conjugate of asialoorosomucoid and lactoperoxidase that binds specifically to hepatocyte asialoglycoprotein receptors was perfused through isolated rat livers at 16°C in the presence of mannan, resulting in the accumulation of ligand in early endosomes. Endosome containing low density vesicle fractions were subsequently isolated from sucrose gradients of microsomes, and the lactoperoxidase moiety was used to catalyze the iodination of lumenal-facing proteins. After gel electrophoresis, 125I-labeled early endosomes reproducibly showed a distinct 125I-polypeptide profile containing prominently labeled bands migrating at 43, 52, 58, 90, 110, 135, 230, and >300 kDa. The asialoglycoprotein receptor (43-, 52-, and 58-kDa subunits) was by far the predominantly labeled protein even when iodinations were performed under conditions of receptor-ligand dissociation, and we conclude that it is the most abundant hepatocyte early endosomal protein. Furthermore, the iodination profile of the three asialoglycoprotein receptor subunits differed strikingly from their chemical amounts. Using immunoprecipitation, we directly identified the Na+,K+-ATPase; to our knowledge, this is the first biochemical evidence for the Na+,K+-ATPase in rat hepatocyte early endosomes. We also directly identified receptors for mannose 6-phosphate, epidermal growth factor, transferrin, and polymeric IgA in 125I-labeled early endosomes.",
author = "{Casciola Rosen}, {Livia A} and Hubbard, {Ann Louise}",
year = "1992",
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language = "English (US)",
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pages = "8213--8221",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
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T1 - Lumenal labeling of rat hepatocyte early endosomes

T2 - Presence of multiple membrane receptors and the Na+,K+-ATPase

AU - Casciola Rosen, Livia A

AU - Hubbard, Ann Louise

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N2 - We used lactoperoxidase-mediated iodination to investigate the lumenal polypeptide composition of rat hepatocyte endosomes. A chemical conjugate of asialoorosomucoid and lactoperoxidase that binds specifically to hepatocyte asialoglycoprotein receptors was perfused through isolated rat livers at 16°C in the presence of mannan, resulting in the accumulation of ligand in early endosomes. Endosome containing low density vesicle fractions were subsequently isolated from sucrose gradients of microsomes, and the lactoperoxidase moiety was used to catalyze the iodination of lumenal-facing proteins. After gel electrophoresis, 125I-labeled early endosomes reproducibly showed a distinct 125I-polypeptide profile containing prominently labeled bands migrating at 43, 52, 58, 90, 110, 135, 230, and >300 kDa. The asialoglycoprotein receptor (43-, 52-, and 58-kDa subunits) was by far the predominantly labeled protein even when iodinations were performed under conditions of receptor-ligand dissociation, and we conclude that it is the most abundant hepatocyte early endosomal protein. Furthermore, the iodination profile of the three asialoglycoprotein receptor subunits differed strikingly from their chemical amounts. Using immunoprecipitation, we directly identified the Na+,K+-ATPase; to our knowledge, this is the first biochemical evidence for the Na+,K+-ATPase in rat hepatocyte early endosomes. We also directly identified receptors for mannose 6-phosphate, epidermal growth factor, transferrin, and polymeric IgA in 125I-labeled early endosomes.

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