Background and study aim Use of the fully covered self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) for benign luminal gastrointestinal (GI) stricture (BLGS) has been limited by the migration rate. The role of the lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) for BLGS is not well defined. We assessed the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of LAMS for the treatment of BLGS. Patients and methods-This was an observational, open-label, retrospective, single-arm, multicenter consecutive case series of patients undergoing LAMS placement for BLGS. Technical success was defined as successful placement of the LAMS.-Short- and long-term clinical success rates were defined as symptom improvement/resolution with indwelling stent and after stent removal, respectively. All adverse events and additional interventions were recorded. Results A total of 30 patients (mean age 51.6 years; 63.3 % women) underwent LAMS placement for GI strictures (83.9 % anastomotic). Median stricture diameter and length were 4.5 mm (range 2 – 10 mm) and 8 mm (range 5 – 10 mm), respectively. Technical success was achieved in 29 patients (96.7 %), with an adverse event rate of 13.3 %. The stent migration rate was 8.0 % (2/25) on follow-up endoscopy. Short-term clinical success was achieved in 90.0 % (27/30) at a median of 60 days (interquartile range [IQR] 40 – 90 days). Most patients (19/23; 82.6 %) experienced sustained symptom improvement/resolution without the need for additional interventions at a median follow-up of 100 days (IQR 60 – 139 days) after LAMS removal. Conclusion This multicenter study demonstrated that LAMS placement represents a safe, feasible, and effective therapeutic option for patients with BLGS and is associated with a low stent migration rate. Our initial findings suggest that future prospective comparative studies are needed on the use of LAMS, endoscopic dilation, and conventional SEMS.
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