LPA receptor 2 mediates LPA-induced endometrial cancer invasion

Joanie Mayer Hope, Feng qiang Wang, Jill S. Whyte, Edgardo V. Ariztia, Walid Abdalla, Kara Long, David A. Fishman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: We have previously shown that lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) promotes the ovarian cancer metastatic cascade. In this study, we evaluated the role of LPA on endometrial cancer invasion. Methods: Transient mRNA knockdown was accomplished using pre-designed siRNA duplexes against LPA receptor 2 (LPA2) and human matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7). RT-PCR was used to characterize LPA receptor and MMP-7 expression. Analysis of in vitro invasion was performed with rat-tail collagen type I coated Boyden chambers. Gelatin zymography was used to evaluate the MMP activity in cell culture conditioned media. Cell-cell and cell-matrix attachment was also assessed upon LPA2 knockdown to further illuminate the LPA2 cascade. Results: LPA increases HEC1A cellular invasion at physiologic concentrations (0.1-1 μM). Of the four principle LPA receptors, LPA2 is predominantly expressed by HEC1A cells. Transient transfection of LPA2 siRNA reduced LPA2 mRNA expression in HEC1A cells by 93% (P < 0.01). Silencing LPA2 eliminated the LPA-stimulated increase in invasion (P < 0.05) and reduced LPA-induced MMP-7 secretion/activation, without significantly affecting cell-cell or cell-matrix adhesion. Silencing MMP-7 reduced overall invasion but did not eliminate LPA's pro-invasive effect on HEC1A cells, as compared to negative control (P < 0.05). Gelatin zymography confirmed that LPA2 and MMP-7 knockdown reduced MMP-7 activation in HEC1A conditioned media. Conclusion: LPA2 mediates LPA-stimulated HEC1A invasion and the subsequent activation of MMP-7.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-223
Number of pages9
JournalGynecologic oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Endometrial cancer invasion
  • HEC1A
  • LPA receptor 2 (LPA2)
  • Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)
  • Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7)
  • siRNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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