Lower patient ratings of physician communication are associated with unmet need for symptom management in patients with lung and colorectal cancer

Anne M. Walling, Nancy L. Keating, Katherine L. Kahn, Sydney E Dy, Jennifer W. Mack, Jennifer Malin, Neeraj K. Arora, John L. Adams, Anna Liza M Antonio, Diana Tisnado

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Purpose Little is known about factors associated with unmet needs for symptom management in patients with cancer. Methods Patients with a new diagnosis of lung and colorectal cancer from the diverse nationally representative Cancer Care Outcomes Research and Surveillance cohort completed a survey approximately 5 months after diagnosis (N = 5,422). We estimated the prevalence of unmet need for symptom management, defined as patientswhor eport that they wanted help for at least one common symptom (pain, fatigue, depression, nausea/vomiting, cough, dyspnea, diarrhea) during the 4 weeks before the survey but did not receive it. We identified patient factors associated with unmet need by using logistic regression with random effects to account for clustering within study sites. Results Overall, 15% (791 of 5,422) of patients had at least one unmet need for symptom management. Adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical factors, African American race, being uninsured or poor, having early-stage lung cancer, and the presence of moderate to severe symptoms were associated with unmet need (all P,.05). Furthermore, patients who rated their physician's communication score, 80 (on a 0 to 100 scale) had adjusted rates of an unmet need for symptom management that were more than twice as high as patients who rated their physicians with a perfect communication score (23.1% v 10.0%; P,.001). Conclusion A significant minority of patients with newly diagnosed lung and colorectal cancer report unmet needs for symptom management. Interventions to improve symptom management should consider the importance of physician communication to the patient's experience of disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e654-e669
JournalJournal of Oncology Practice
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Oncology(nursing)
  • Health Policy

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    Walling, A. M., Keating, N. L., Kahn, K. L., Dy, S. E., Mack, J. W., Malin, J., Arora, N. K., Adams, J. L., Antonio, A. L. M., & Tisnado, D. (2016). Lower patient ratings of physician communication are associated with unmet need for symptom management in patients with lung and colorectal cancer. Journal of Oncology Practice, 12(6), e654-e669. https://doi.org/10.1200/JOP.2015.005538