Lower myocardial perfusion reserve is associated with decreased regional left ventricular function in asymptomatic participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Boaz D. Rosen, João A.C. Lima, Khurram Nasir, Thor Edvardsen, Aaron R. Folsom, Shenghan Lai, David A. Bluemke, Michael Jerosch-Herold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND - Myocardial ischemia is an important determinant of regional left ventricular systolic function. Myocardial blood flow reserve may be impaired by cardiovascular disease before alterations of myocardial perfusion at rest become manifest. Nevertheless, the relation between flow reserve and regional myocardial function has not been studied in individuals without a history of clinical heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS - Seventy-four participants (66±9 years, mean±SD) of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) underwent myocardial magnetic resonance tagging and contrast-enhanced perfusion studies. Regional myocardial function was evaluated as peak systolic circumferential strain (Ecc) in the three main coronary territories (left anterior descending [LAD], left circumflex, and right coronary artery [RCA]). Myocardial blood flow at rest and during adenosine-induced hyperemia was quantified by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, to study the relation between regional flow and function after multivariable adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, left ventricular mass, and traditional risk factors. Lower regional myocardial blood flow during hyperemia was associated with reduced regional left ventricular function expressed as lower Ecc in the RCA (P<0.01) and left circumflex regions (P<0.05) measured in the subendocardium, mid-wall, and subepicardium. In contrast, no significant association was seen in the LAD territory (P=0.16). In addition, segmental function in LAD and RCA regions was reduced when individuals in the lowest 10th percentile for regional myocardial flow reserve were compared with the other participants. Absolute decreases in mid-wall Ecc LAD and RCA and global Ecc were 3.0%, 3.4%, and 2.8%, respectively (P<0.05 for all regions). CONCLUSIONS - Lower myocardial flow reserve is related to reduced regional function in asymptomatic individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-297
Number of pages9
JournalCirculation
Volume114
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006

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Keywords

  • Contractility
  • Epidemiology
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Myocardium
  • Regional blood flow
  • Risk factors
  • Systole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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