Lower mortality is observed among low birth weight young infants who have received home-based care by female community health volunteers in rural Nepal

Dinesh Neupane, Penny Dawson, Robin Houston, Liladhar Dhakal, Jaganath Sharma, K. C. Gargi, Christina Lagos, Vishnu Khanal, Shiva Raj Mishra, Per Kallestrup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: There has been little success in attempts to reduce the proportion of births with low birth weight (LBW). However, deaths associated with LBW may be prevented with extra attention to warmth, feeding, and prevention or early treatment of infections. There are few studies on this in Nepal and in many other developing countries. This is a cohort study to evaluate the risk of deaths among LBW infants who received FCHV follow up visit for home-based care compared to those who did not receive in Rural Nepal. Methods: A cohort study design was used with data from the Morang Innovative Neonatal Intervention (MINI) program in Nepal. Relative Risk (RR) is calculated to compare LBW neonates who received FCHV follow up visit as compared to LBW neonates who did not receive visit. Results: Out of 51,853 newborn infants recorded in the MINI database, 2229 LBW neonates were included in the analysis. The proportion of deaths among those who received FCHV follow up visit and those who did not receive were 2% (95% CI: 1%; 2%) and 11% (95% CI: 6%; 18%) respectively(P < 0.001). The relative risk of death in LBW infants who received FCHV follow up visit was 84% less as compared to LBW infants who did not receive (RR = 0·16; 95% CI: 0·09, 0·29). Conclusion: The current study indicates that to save the lives of LBW young infants simple home-based measures implemented through trained health volunteers within the existing government health system may be effective when technically more sophisticated measures such as tertiary health centers, pediatricians, and expensive technology are limited.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number218
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nepal
Low Birth Weight Infant
Home Care Services
Volunteers
Mortality
Health
Newborn Infant
Cohort Studies
Live Birth
Developing Countries
Parturition
Databases
Technology

Keywords

  • Community health workers
  • Low birth weight
  • Nepal
  • Newborn

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Lower mortality is observed among low birth weight young infants who have received home-based care by female community health volunteers in rural Nepal. / Neupane, Dinesh; Dawson, Penny; Houston, Robin; Dhakal, Liladhar; Sharma, Jaganath; Gargi, K. C.; Lagos, Christina; Khanal, Vishnu; Mishra, Shiva Raj; Kallestrup, Per.

In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, Vol. 17, No. 1, 218, 11.07.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neupane, Dinesh ; Dawson, Penny ; Houston, Robin ; Dhakal, Liladhar ; Sharma, Jaganath ; Gargi, K. C. ; Lagos, Christina ; Khanal, Vishnu ; Mishra, Shiva Raj ; Kallestrup, Per. / Lower mortality is observed among low birth weight young infants who have received home-based care by female community health volunteers in rural Nepal. In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 1.
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AU - Neupane, Dinesh

AU - Dawson, Penny

AU - Houston, Robin

AU - Dhakal, Liladhar

AU - Sharma, Jaganath

AU - Gargi, K. C.

AU - Lagos, Christina

AU - Khanal, Vishnu

AU - Mishra, Shiva Raj

AU - Kallestrup, Per

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AB - Background: There has been little success in attempts to reduce the proportion of births with low birth weight (LBW). However, deaths associated with LBW may be prevented with extra attention to warmth, feeding, and prevention or early treatment of infections. There are few studies on this in Nepal and in many other developing countries. This is a cohort study to evaluate the risk of deaths among LBW infants who received FCHV follow up visit for home-based care compared to those who did not receive in Rural Nepal. Methods: A cohort study design was used with data from the Morang Innovative Neonatal Intervention (MINI) program in Nepal. Relative Risk (RR) is calculated to compare LBW neonates who received FCHV follow up visit as compared to LBW neonates who did not receive visit. Results: Out of 51,853 newborn infants recorded in the MINI database, 2229 LBW neonates were included in the analysis. The proportion of deaths among those who received FCHV follow up visit and those who did not receive were 2% (95% CI: 1%; 2%) and 11% (95% CI: 6%; 18%) respectively(P < 0.001). The relative risk of death in LBW infants who received FCHV follow up visit was 84% less as compared to LBW infants who did not receive (RR = 0·16; 95% CI: 0·09, 0·29). Conclusion: The current study indicates that to save the lives of LBW young infants simple home-based measures implemented through trained health volunteers within the existing government health system may be effective when technically more sophisticated measures such as tertiary health centers, pediatricians, and expensive technology are limited.

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