Lower Limit of Reactivity Assessed with PRx in an Experimental Setting

Erta Beqiri, Ken M. Brady, Jennifer K. Lee, Joseph Donnelly, Frederick A. Zeiler, Marek Czosnyka, Peter Smielewski

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In traumatic brain injury, longer time spent with a cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) below the pressure reactivity index (PRx)-derived lower limit of reactivity (LLR) has been shown to be statistically associated with higher mortality. We set out to scrutinise the behaviour of LLR and the methods of its estimation in individual cases by performing retrospective analysis of intracranial pressure (ICP), arterial blood pressure (ABP) and laser Doppler flow (LDF) signals recorded in nine piglets undergoing controlled, terminal hypotension. We focused on the sections of the recordings with stable experimental conditions where a clear breakpoint of LDF/CPP characteristic (LLA) could be identified. In eight of the nine experiments, when CPP underwent a monotonous decrease, the relationship PRx/CPP showed two breakpoints (1 - when PRx starts to rise; 2 - when PRx saturates at PRx > 0.3), with LDF-based LLA sitting between them. LLR (CPP at PRx reaching 0.3 in the error bar chart) was close to the lower LLR breakpoint. In conclusion, when CPP has a monotonous decrease, PRx starts worsening before CPP crosses the LLA. A further decrease in CPP below LLA would cause a decrease in CBF, even if the pressure reactivity is not completely lost. This pattern should be taken into account when PRx is used to detect LLA continuously.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationActa Neurochirurgica, Supplementum
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NameActa Neurochirurgica, Supplementum
ISSN (Print)0065-1419
ISSN (Electronic)2197-8395


  • LLA
  • Lower limit of autoregulation
  • Neuromonitoring
  • Pressure reactivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology


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