Lower limb response and injury in frontal crashes

Jeff R. Crandall, Peter G. Martin, Edwin M. Sieveka, Walter D. Pilkey, Patricia C. Dischinger, Andrew R. Burgess, Timothy D. O'Quinn, Carl B. Schmidhauser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article examines two observational and two experimental data sets that emphasize lower limb injuries in passenger car crashes. Statistics show that 60% of moderate-to-severe below-knee injuries sustained by front seat occupants in head-on crashes occur with <3 cm of footwell intrusion. Moreover, crash tests and computer simulations of car-to-car frontal offset collisions show no causal relationship between the magnitude of footwell intrusion and the axial load measured in the dummy leg. This article correlates below-knee injuries with several factors that influence their frequency and severity, such as the vehicle change in velocity, the magnitude of footwell intrusion, the rate and timing of the intrusion and the size of the vehicle. The vehicle change in velocity and the intrusion rate and timing had the greatest influence on the risk of lower limb injury, while the other factors had much less of an effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)667-677
Number of pages11
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume30
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Knee Injuries
Lower Extremity
Wounds and Injuries
Railroad cars
computer simulation
Computer Simulation
motor vehicle
Leg
Axial loads
Head
statistics
Passenger cars
Seats
Statistics
Computer simulation
Datasets

Keywords

  • Ankle
  • Automobile crashes
  • Foot
  • Injuries
  • Intrusion
  • Lower limb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Health and Safety
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Law
  • Safety Research
  • Transportation

Cite this

Crandall, J. R., Martin, P. G., Sieveka, E. M., Pilkey, W. D., Dischinger, P. C., Burgess, A. R., ... Schmidhauser, C. B. (1998). Lower limb response and injury in frontal crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 30(5), 667-677.

Lower limb response and injury in frontal crashes. / Crandall, Jeff R.; Martin, Peter G.; Sieveka, Edwin M.; Pilkey, Walter D.; Dischinger, Patricia C.; Burgess, Andrew R.; O'Quinn, Timothy D.; Schmidhauser, Carl B.

In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 30, No. 5, 09.1998, p. 667-677.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crandall, JR, Martin, PG, Sieveka, EM, Pilkey, WD, Dischinger, PC, Burgess, AR, O'Quinn, TD & Schmidhauser, CB 1998, 'Lower limb response and injury in frontal crashes', Accident Analysis and Prevention, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 667-677.
Crandall JR, Martin PG, Sieveka EM, Pilkey WD, Dischinger PC, Burgess AR et al. Lower limb response and injury in frontal crashes. Accident Analysis and Prevention. 1998 Sep;30(5):667-677.
Crandall, Jeff R. ; Martin, Peter G. ; Sieveka, Edwin M. ; Pilkey, Walter D. ; Dischinger, Patricia C. ; Burgess, Andrew R. ; O'Quinn, Timothy D. ; Schmidhauser, Carl B. / Lower limb response and injury in frontal crashes. In: Accident Analysis and Prevention. 1998 ; Vol. 30, No. 5. pp. 667-677.
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