Low proportions of CD28- CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 can be reversed by early ART initiation and predict mortality in treated HIV infection

Sulggi A. Lee, Elizabeth Sinclair, Vivek Jain, Yong Huang, Lorrie Epling, Mark Van Natta, Curtis L. Meinert, Jeffrey N. Martin, Joseph M. McCune, Steven G. Deeks, Michael M. Lederman, Frederick M. Hecht, Peter W. Hunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Unlike cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and aging, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) decreases the proportion of CD28 -CD8+ T cells expressing CD57. Whether this abnormality predicts mortality in treated HIV infection and can be reversed by early antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains unknown. Methods. We sampled recently HIV-infected individuals (<6 months) and HIV-uninfected controls and compared longitudinal changes in the proportion of CD28-CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 between those who initiated ART early (<6 months) vs later (≥2 years).We also assessed the relationship between this phenotype and mortality in a nested case-control study of ART-suppressed chronically infected individuals. Results. Compared to HIV-uninfected controls (n = 15), individuals who were recently infected with HIV had lower proportions of CD28 -CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 (P < .001), and these proportions increased during ART. The early ART group (n = 33) achieved normal levels, whereas the later ART group (n = 30) continued to have lower levels than HIV-uninfected controls (P = .02). Among 141 ART-suppressed participants in the SOCA study, those in the lowest quartile of CD28-CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 had 5-fold higher odds of mortality than those in the highest quartile (95% CI, 1.6-15.9, P = .007). Conclusions. Abnormally low proportions of CD28-CD8+ T cells expressing CD57 predict increased mortality during treated HIV infection and may be reversed with early ART initiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-382
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume210
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2014

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • CD28
  • CD57
  • HIV
  • Immune activation
  • Immunosenescence
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

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