Rationale and Objectives: Pilot study to determine whether among subjects receiving coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA), the combination of high-sensitivity troponin I (hsTnI) and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) identifies a low-risk population in whom CTA might be avoided. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of 314 symptomatic patients receiving CTA as part of their acute coronary syndrome evaluation was conducted. hsTnI was measured with Abbott Laboratories' hsTnI assay. CACSs were calculated via the Agatston method. Patients were followed for at least 30 days after discharge for the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs; all-cause mortality, acute coronary syndrome, and revascularization). Results: Of 314 subjects studied, 213 (67.8%) had no coronary artery stenosis, and 67 (21.3%), 28 (8.9%), and 6 (1.9%) had maximal coronary artery stenosis of 1%-49%, 50%-69%, and 70% or greater, respectively. All MACEs occurred during index hospitalization and include one myocardial infarction and four revascularizations. Sixty-two percent (189/307) of subjects had zero CACS, and 24% (76/314) of subjects had undetected hsTnI. No subjects with undetectable hsTnI or zero CACS had an MACE. A strategy of avoiding further testing in subjects with undetectable initial hsTnI, performing CACS on subjects with detectable initial hsTnI but nonincreased hsTnI (less than 99th percentile), and obtaining CTA in subjects with Agatston greater than 0 will have a negative predictive value of 100.0% (95% confidence interval, 98.2%-100.0%). This strategy will avoid CTA in 63% (198/314) of subjects. Conclusions: In this pilot study, the addition of CACS to hsTnI improves the identification of low-risk subjects in whom CTA might be avoided.
- Acute coronary syndrome
- Coronary artery calcium
- Coronary computed tomography angiography
- Emergency department
- High sensitivity troponin
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging