Low-dose spiral CT screening and evaluation of the solitary pulmonary nodule

Otis W. Brawley, Eric L. Flenaugh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Lung cancer screening using helical low-dose computerized tomography (LDCT) increased drastically after publication of a successful well-designed prospective randomized screening study, the National Lung Screening Trial. This increase in screening has led to a significant increase in the diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs). Some of these lesions are early cancers, and their removal can potentially prevent a lung cancer death. Some have the histologic appearance of a cancer but will never progress and cause harm. Some are non-neoplastic and are best observed. The number of lesions detected with LDCT is so great that algorithms are being developed for more efficient evaluation and management of SPNs. This article will discuss current tools, approaches, and concerns regarding patient care in this setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalONCOLOGY (United States)
Volume28
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 15 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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