Context: Among women with a single, recent pregnancy loss, daily preconception low-dose aspirin (LDA) increased the live birth rate with no effect on pregnancy loss. Ovulation is a potentialmechanism underlying this effect. Objective:Weestimated the effect of LDA on the per-cycle risk of anovulation among eumenorrheic women. Design: Multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of daily LDA on reproductive outcomes. Preconception follow-up lasted 1 to 6 menstrual cycles (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00467363). Setting: Four US medical centers during 2007 to 2011. Patients or Other Participants: Healthy women (n = 1214), age 18 to 40, were attempting pregnancy, had regular menstrual cycles (21 to 42 days), and had a history of 1 to 2 documented pregnancy losses, ≤2 live births, and no infertility. All participants completed at least 1 menstrual cycle of follow-up; none withdrew due to adverse events. Intervention: Aspirin (81 mg) daily for 1 to 6 menstrual cycles. Main Outcome Measure: Per-cycle risk of anovulation, defined as the absence of both a positive spot-urine pregnancy test and a luteinizing hormone (LH) peak (2.5-fold increase in daily urinary LH). Hypothesis formulation preceded data collection. Results: Among4340cycles, LDAwasnotassociatedwithanovulation(LDA:13.4%, placebo: 11.1%;riskratio= 1.16, 95% confidence interval, 0.88 to 1.52). Results were similar among women with a single, recent loss. Conclusions: Daily LDA had no effect on anovulation among women with a history of 1 to 2 pregnancy losses. LDA may affect fertility via other pathways, and these warrant further study.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical