Low body weight: A simple indicator of the risk of dehydration among children with diarrhoea

Cesar G. Victora, Sandra C. Fuchs, Betty R. Kirkwood, Cintia Lombardi, Fernando C. Barros

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The early identification of children at high risk of dehydration as a consequence of diarrhoea would be of great value for health care workers in developing countries. By comparing children aged less than two years with diarrhoea and moderate to severe dehydration with matched controls who had uncomplicated diarrhoea, a number of prognostic factors were assessed. Low body weight, regardless of age, was strongly associated with the risk of dehydration; using 7.0 kg as a cut-off, it had a sensitivity of 75% and a specificity of 68%. Low body weight was superior to more complex anthropométrie indices, including weight for age, weight for length or length for age, and also to early signs and symptoms during the episode. By reflecting the effects of both young age and those of malnutrition, low body weight may prove to be a simple indicator for predicting dehydration among children with diarrhoea presenting at a health service.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-11
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research
Volume15
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dehydration
Diarrhea
diarrhea
Body Weight
body weight
Weights and Measures
health care workers
Malnutrition
malnutrition
health services
Developing Countries
Signs and Symptoms
Health Services
developing countries
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Case-control study
  • Dehydration
  • Diarrhoea
  • Protein-energy malnutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Victora, C. G., Fuchs, S. C., Kirkwood, B. R., Lombardi, C., & Barros, F. C. (1997). Low body weight: A simple indicator of the risk of dehydration among children with diarrhoea. Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, 15(1), 7-11.

Low body weight : A simple indicator of the risk of dehydration among children with diarrhoea. / Victora, Cesar G.; Fuchs, Sandra C.; Kirkwood, Betty R.; Lombardi, Cintia; Barros, Fernando C.

In: Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1997, p. 7-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Victora, CG, Fuchs, SC, Kirkwood, BR, Lombardi, C & Barros, FC 1997, 'Low body weight: A simple indicator of the risk of dehydration among children with diarrhoea', Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 7-11.
Victora, Cesar G. ; Fuchs, Sandra C. ; Kirkwood, Betty R. ; Lombardi, Cintia ; Barros, Fernando C. / Low body weight : A simple indicator of the risk of dehydration among children with diarrhoea. In: Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research. 1997 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 7-11.
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