Loss of Trop2 promotes carcinogenesis and features of epithelial to mesenchymal transition in squamous cell carcinoma

Jianbo Wang, Kaihua Zhang, Dorota Grabowska, Aimin Li, Yiyu Dong, Ryan Day, Peter Humphrey, James Lewis, Raleigh D. Kladney, Jeffrey M. Arbeit, Jason D. Weber, Christine H. Chung, Loren S. Michel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trop2, an oncogenic cell surface protein under investigation as a therapeutic target, is commonly overexpressed in several epithelial tumor types yet its function in tumor biology remains relatively unexplored. To investigate the role of Trop2 in epithelial carcinogenesis, we generated Trop2 -/- mice, which are viable and possess a normal lifespan. Contrary to expectations, Trop2 loss fails to suppress keratinocyte transformation. Instead, rastransformed Trop2 -/- keratinocytes preferentially pass through an epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and form tumors with spindle cell histology. Furthermore, Trop2 loss renders Arf-null mice susceptible to the formation of biphasic sarcomatoid carcinomas containing both squamous and spindle cell components upon carcinogen exposure in an otherwise skin cancer-resistant strain (C57BL/6). Immortalized keratinocytes derived from Trop2 -/- Arf -/- mice exhibit enhanced proliferative and migratory capacity as well as increased activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase and Src prior to transformation. The clinical relevance of these findings was supported by studying the molecular epidemiology of Trop2 in primary head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. This analysis revealed that Trop2 mRNA levels are decreased in a subset of tumors with features of EMT, and total loss of Trop2 protein expression is observed in the spindle cell component of sarcomatoid carcinomas. Therefore, while previous studies have emphasized the potential importance of Trop2 gain of function, these results uncover a role for Trop2 loss in tumorigenesis and the mesenchymal transdifferentiation observed in a subset of squamous cell carcinomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1686-1695
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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