Loss of IL-15 receptor α alters the endurance, fatigability,and metabolic characteristics of mouse fast skeletal muscles

Emidio E. Pistilli, Sasha Bogdanovich, Fleur Garton, Nan Yang, Jason P. Gulbin, Jennifer D. Conner, Barbara G. Anderson, Le Bris S. Quinn, Kathryn North, Rexford S. Ahima, Tejvir S. Khurana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

IL-15 receptor α (IL-15Rα) is a component of the heterotrimeric plasma membrane receptor for the pleiotropic cytokine IL-15. However, IL-15Rα is not merely an IL-15 receptor subunit, as mice lacking either IL-15 or IL-15Rα have unique phenotypes. IL-15 and IL-15Rα have been implicated in muscle phenotypes, but a role in muscle physiology has not been defined. Here, we have shown that loss of IL-15Rα induces a functional oxidative shift in fast muscles, substantially increasing fatigue resistance and exercise capacity. IL-15Rα-knockout (IL-15Rα-KO) mice ran greater distances and had greater ambulatory activity than controls. Fast muscles displayed fatigue resistance and a slower contractile phenotype. The molecular signature of these muscles included altered markers of mitochondrial biogenesis and calcium homeostasis. Morphologically, fast muscles had a greater number of muscle fibers, smaller fiber areas, and a greater ratio of nuclei to fiber area. The alterations of physiological properties and increased resistance to fatigue in fast muscles are consistent with a shift toward a slower, more oxidative phenotype. Consistent with a conserved functional role in humans, a genetic association was found between a SNP in the IL15RA gene and endurance in athletes stratified by sport. Therefore, we propose that IL-15Rα has a role in defining the phenotype of fast skeletal muscles in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3120-3132
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume121
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Loss of IL-15 receptor α alters the endurance, fatigability,and metabolic characteristics of mouse fast skeletal muscles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this