Loss of dysbindin-1 in mice impairs reward-based operant learning by increasing impulsive and compulsive behavior

Gregory V. Carr, Kimberly A. Jenkins, Daniel R. Weinberger, Francesco Papaleo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The dystrobrevin-binding protein 1 (DTNBP1) gene, which encodes the dysbindin-1 protein, is a potential schizophrenia susceptibility gene. Polymorphisms in the DTNBP1 gene have been associated with altered cognitive abilities. In the present study, dysbindin-1 null mutant (dys-/-), heterozygous (dys+/-), and wild-type (dys+/+) mice, on a C57BL/6J genetic background, were tested in either a match to sample or nonmatch to sample visual discrimination task. This visual discrimination task was designed to measure rule learning and detect any changes in response timing over the course of testing. Dys-/- mice displayed significant learning deficits and required more trials to acquire this task. However, once criterion was reached, there were no differences between the genotypes on any behavioral measures. Dys-/- mice exhibited increased compulsive and impulsive behaviors compared to control littermates suggesting the inability to suppress incorrectly-timed responses underlies their increased time to acquisition. Indeed, group comparisons of behavior differences between the first and last day of testing showed that only dys-/- mice consistently decreased measures of perseverative, premature, timeout, and total responses. These findings illustrate how some aspects of altered cognitive performance in dys-/- mice might be related to increased impulsive and compulsive behaviors, analogous to cognitive deficits in some individuals with psychiatric disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-184
Number of pages12
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Volume241
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 5 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Compulsivity
  • Dysbindin
  • Impulsivity
  • Operant learning
  • Schizophrenia
  • Timing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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