Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD)

study design and methods

the LongROAD Research Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: As an important indicator of mobility, driving confers a host of social and health benefits to older adults. Despite the importance of safe mobility as the population ages, longitudinal data are lacking about the natural history and determinants of driving safety in older adults. Methods: The Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) project is a multisite prospective cohort study designed to generate empirical data for understanding the role of medical, behavioral, environmental and technological factors in driving safety during the process of aging. Results: A total of 2990 active drivers aged 65–79 years at baseline have been recruited through primary care clinics or health care systems in five study sites located in California, Colorado, Maryland, Michigan, and New York. Consented participants were assessed at baseline with standardized research protocols and instruments, including vehicle inspection, functional performance tests, and “brown-bag review” of medications. The primary vehicle of each participant was instrumented with a small data collection device that records detailed driving data whenever the vehicle is operating and detects when a participant is driving. Annual follow-up is being conducted for up to three years with a telephone questionnaire at 12 and 36 months and in-person assessment at 24 months. Medical records are reviewed annually to collect information on clinical diagnoses and healthcare utilization. Driving records, including crashes and violations, are collected annually from state motor vehicle departments. Pilot testing was conducted on 56 volunteers during March–May 2015. Recruitment and enrollment were completed between July 2015 and March 2017. Conclusions: Results of the LongROAD project will generate much-needed evidence for formulating public policy and developing intervention programs to maintain safe mobility while ensuring well-being for older adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number22
JournalInjury Epidemiology
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Fingerprint

Research
Delivery of Health Care
Safety
Motor Vehicles
Insurance Benefits
Public Policy
Natural History
Telephone
Medical Records
Volunteers
Primary Health Care
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies
Equipment and Supplies
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) : study design and methods. / the LongROAD Research Team.

In: Injury Epidemiology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 22, 01.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9652f9a041ca446386846877514eea4b,
title = "Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD): study design and methods",
abstract = "Background: As an important indicator of mobility, driving confers a host of social and health benefits to older adults. Despite the importance of safe mobility as the population ages, longitudinal data are lacking about the natural history and determinants of driving safety in older adults. Methods: The Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) project is a multisite prospective cohort study designed to generate empirical data for understanding the role of medical, behavioral, environmental and technological factors in driving safety during the process of aging. Results: A total of 2990 active drivers aged 65–79 years at baseline have been recruited through primary care clinics or health care systems in five study sites located in California, Colorado, Maryland, Michigan, and New York. Consented participants were assessed at baseline with standardized research protocols and instruments, including vehicle inspection, functional performance tests, and “brown-bag review” of medications. The primary vehicle of each participant was instrumented with a small data collection device that records detailed driving data whenever the vehicle is operating and detects when a participant is driving. Annual follow-up is being conducted for up to three years with a telephone questionnaire at 12 and 36 months and in-person assessment at 24 months. Medical records are reviewed annually to collect information on clinical diagnoses and healthcare utilization. Driving records, including crashes and violations, are collected annually from state motor vehicle departments. Pilot testing was conducted on 56 volunteers during March–May 2015. Recruitment and enrollment were completed between July 2015 and March 2017. Conclusions: Results of the LongROAD project will generate much-needed evidence for formulating public policy and developing intervention programs to maintain safe mobility while ensuring well-being for older adults.",
author = "{the LongROAD Research Team} and Guohua Li and Eby, {David W.} and Robert Santos and Mielenz, {Thelma J.} and Molnar, {Lisa J.} and David Strogatz and Betz, {Marian E.} and Carolyn DiGuiseppi and Ryan, {Lindsay H.} and Jones, {Vanya C} and Samantha Pitts and Hill, {Linda L.} and DiMaggio, {Charles J.} and David LeBlanc and Andrews, {Howard F.} and Scott Bogard and Stanford Chihuri and Engler, {Anne Marie} and Ming Feng and Robert Gessner and Grabowski, {Jurek G.} and Jack Guralnik and Burlleen Hewitt and Andrew Johnson and Kostyniuk, {Lidia P.} and Lang, {Barbara H.} and Cheng Leu and David Merlel and Nyquist, {Linda V.} and Taylor Parnham and Kenneth Scott and M. Ren{\'e}e and Milagros Ventura and Raymond Yung and Nicole Zanier and Jennifer Zakrajsek",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1186/s40621-017-0121-z",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "4",
journal = "Injury Epidemiology",
issn = "2197-1714",
publisher = "SpringerOpen",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD)

T2 - study design and methods

AU - the LongROAD Research Team

AU - Li, Guohua

AU - Eby, David W.

AU - Santos, Robert

AU - Mielenz, Thelma J.

AU - Molnar, Lisa J.

AU - Strogatz, David

AU - Betz, Marian E.

AU - DiGuiseppi, Carolyn

AU - Ryan, Lindsay H.

AU - Jones, Vanya C

AU - Pitts, Samantha

AU - Hill, Linda L.

AU - DiMaggio, Charles J.

AU - LeBlanc, David

AU - Andrews, Howard F.

AU - Bogard, Scott

AU - Chihuri, Stanford

AU - Engler, Anne Marie

AU - Feng, Ming

AU - Gessner, Robert

AU - Grabowski, Jurek G.

AU - Guralnik, Jack

AU - Hewitt, Burlleen

AU - Johnson, Andrew

AU - Kostyniuk, Lidia P.

AU - Lang, Barbara H.

AU - Leu, Cheng

AU - Merlel, David

AU - Nyquist, Linda V.

AU - Parnham, Taylor

AU - Scott, Kenneth

AU - Renée, M.

AU - Ventura, Milagros

AU - Yung, Raymond

AU - Zanier, Nicole

AU - Zakrajsek, Jennifer

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Background: As an important indicator of mobility, driving confers a host of social and health benefits to older adults. Despite the importance of safe mobility as the population ages, longitudinal data are lacking about the natural history and determinants of driving safety in older adults. Methods: The Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) project is a multisite prospective cohort study designed to generate empirical data for understanding the role of medical, behavioral, environmental and technological factors in driving safety during the process of aging. Results: A total of 2990 active drivers aged 65–79 years at baseline have been recruited through primary care clinics or health care systems in five study sites located in California, Colorado, Maryland, Michigan, and New York. Consented participants were assessed at baseline with standardized research protocols and instruments, including vehicle inspection, functional performance tests, and “brown-bag review” of medications. The primary vehicle of each participant was instrumented with a small data collection device that records detailed driving data whenever the vehicle is operating and detects when a participant is driving. Annual follow-up is being conducted for up to three years with a telephone questionnaire at 12 and 36 months and in-person assessment at 24 months. Medical records are reviewed annually to collect information on clinical diagnoses and healthcare utilization. Driving records, including crashes and violations, are collected annually from state motor vehicle departments. Pilot testing was conducted on 56 volunteers during March–May 2015. Recruitment and enrollment were completed between July 2015 and March 2017. Conclusions: Results of the LongROAD project will generate much-needed evidence for formulating public policy and developing intervention programs to maintain safe mobility while ensuring well-being for older adults.

AB - Background: As an important indicator of mobility, driving confers a host of social and health benefits to older adults. Despite the importance of safe mobility as the population ages, longitudinal data are lacking about the natural history and determinants of driving safety in older adults. Methods: The Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) project is a multisite prospective cohort study designed to generate empirical data for understanding the role of medical, behavioral, environmental and technological factors in driving safety during the process of aging. Results: A total of 2990 active drivers aged 65–79 years at baseline have been recruited through primary care clinics or health care systems in five study sites located in California, Colorado, Maryland, Michigan, and New York. Consented participants were assessed at baseline with standardized research protocols and instruments, including vehicle inspection, functional performance tests, and “brown-bag review” of medications. The primary vehicle of each participant was instrumented with a small data collection device that records detailed driving data whenever the vehicle is operating and detects when a participant is driving. Annual follow-up is being conducted for up to three years with a telephone questionnaire at 12 and 36 months and in-person assessment at 24 months. Medical records are reviewed annually to collect information on clinical diagnoses and healthcare utilization. Driving records, including crashes and violations, are collected annually from state motor vehicle departments. Pilot testing was conducted on 56 volunteers during March–May 2015. Recruitment and enrollment were completed between July 2015 and March 2017. Conclusions: Results of the LongROAD project will generate much-needed evidence for formulating public policy and developing intervention programs to maintain safe mobility while ensuring well-being for older adults.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044660505&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85044660505&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s40621-017-0121-z

DO - 10.1186/s40621-017-0121-z

M3 - Article

VL - 4

JO - Injury Epidemiology

JF - Injury Epidemiology

SN - 2197-1714

IS - 1

M1 - 22

ER -