This study found that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling was activated in human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-1)-infected leukemia cells. Rapamycin (1-100 nM, 48 h), the inhibitor of mTOR and its analog RAD001 (1-100 nM, 48 h)-induced growth inhibition and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest of these cells in association with de-phosphorylation of p70S6K and 4E-BP-1, although IC50 was not achieved. Paradoxically, rapamycin-stimulated phosphorylation of Akt at Ser473. Blockade of Akt signaling by the PI3K inhibitor LY294002 (1-20 μM, 48 h) also resulted in the growth inhibition and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest of HTLV-1-infected cells, with IC50 ranging from 5 to 20 μM, and it caused de-phosphorylation of p70S6K and 4E-BP-1. Of note, when rapamycin was combined with LY294002, rapamycin-induced phosphorylation of Akt was blocked, and the ability of rapamycin to induce growth arrest of HTLV-1-infected T-cells and suppress the p-p70S6K and p-4E-BP-1 proteins was potentiated. Moreover, both LY294002 and rapamycin down-regulated the levels of c-Myc and cyclin D1 proteins in these cells, and their combination further decreased levels of these cell cycle-regulating proteins. Taken together, longitudinal inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling represents a promising treatment strategy for individuals with adult T-cell leukemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research