Objectives: Improved survival has led to interest in functional health status (FHS) as patients with dextro-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) transition to adulthood. Our primary objectives were (1) evaluation of The Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) results; (2) comparison with results of patients who completed the Child Health Questionnaire-Child Form 87 (CHQ-CF87) previously, or the PedsQL Generic Core Scales (PedsQL) survey subsequently; and (3) determination of factors associated with SF-36 domains. Methods: Survivors from the d-TGA Congenital Heart Surgeons' Society cohort (1985-1989) completed the SF-36 (2010) as a measure of FHS (n = 210; age 21-26 years). Patient characteristics, medical history, psychosocial factors, and previous adolescent CHQ-CF87 FHS assessment (2000) were explored for association with SF-36 domains, along with comparison with recent PedsQL data (2017). Results: Patients scored themselves the same/higher than published normative data in 10 of 10 SF-36 summary scores/domains and similar in 5 of 6 PedsQL summary scores/domains. Factors commonly associated with lower summary scores/domains of the SF-36 were presence of cardiac symptoms, heart condition impacting physical activity/overall health/quality of life, unemployment, and lack of postsecondary education. Less commonly associated factors were lower birth weight, greater total medication number, female sex, shorter procedure-free interval, poor health knowledge, lower family income, younger age at SF-36, living with parents, and being married. These factors accounted for 17% to 47% of the variation in FHS summary scores/domains. FHS was minimally related to d-TGA morphology and repair type. Conclusions: Patients with d-TGA surviving into adulthood, regardless of morphology or repair type, can primarily expect normal FHS. Addressing the challenges of patients with d-TGA entering adulthood requires consideration of psychosocial factors and clinical management.
- great vessel anomalies
- quality of life
- regression analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine