Longitudinal follow-up of choroidal granulomas using enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography

Alessandro Invernizzi, Aniruddha Agarwal, Chiara Mapelli, Quan Dong Nguyen, Giovanni Staurenghi, Francesco Viola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To assess the ability of enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) in detecting variations in the structure and size of choroidal granulomas in response to treatment and to compare these findings with indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). Methods: EDI-OCT and ICGA images of choroidal granulomas in eyes of patients diagnosed with tubercular or sarcoid uveitis were obtained at baseline and follow-up visits. Two independent masked observers analyzed the lesions to compare changes in their structural features such as shape, reflectivity, and margins, among others, through time. The size of each lesion was manually measured on EDI-OCT and ICGA images at all the visits. In addition, longitudinal assessment of choroidal area was performed on the EDIOCT images during the course of follow-up. Results: Twenty-eight granulomas (16 tubercular and 12 sarcoid; 7 patients) were included in the study. Using EDI-OCT, significant decrease in the mean size of lesions could be appreciated after 1 month of treatment (0.29 mm2 at baseline vs. 0.18 mm2 at 1 month; P < 0.001). However, ICGA did not reveal significant decrease in lesion size at 1 month compared with baseline (0.94 vs. 0.76 mm2; P = 0.07). The granulomas followed a characteristic healing pattern in which the antero-posterior extent (depth) decreased first, followed by decrease in their lateral extent. Apart from size, the choroidal granulomas did not show significant changes in their morphological features on EDI-OCT with treatment. Conclusion: EDI-OCT may be more sensitive than ICGA in detecting early variations in the size of choroidal granulomas. Morphometric analyses of choroidal granulomas on EDIOCT may be very useful in monitoring the response to treatment in patients with choroidal granulomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-153
Number of pages10
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2017


  • Choroidal granulomas
  • EDI
  • Enhanced depth imaging
  • Follow-up
  • Granuloma
  • ICG.
  • Indocyanine green angiography
  • OCT
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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