Objective: To analyze longitudinal trends of pulmonary function testing in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) followed in our multidisciplinary clinic. Study design: This was a retrospective cohort study of CDH patients born between 1991 and 2013. A linear mixed effects model was fitted to estimate the trends of percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1pp), percent predicted forced vital capacity (FVCpp), and FEV1/FVC over time. Results: Of 268 patients with CDH who survived to discharge, 119 had at least 1 pulmonary function test study. The FEV1pp (P < .001), FVCpp (P = .017), and FEV1/FVC (P = .001) decreased with age. Compared with defect size A/B, those with defect size C/D had lower FEV1pp by an average of 11.5% (95% CI, 2.9%-20.1%; P = .010). A history of oxygen use at initial hospital discharge also correlated with decreased FEV1pp by an average of 8.0% (95% CI, 1.2%-15.0%; P = .023). Conclusions: In a select cohort of CDH survivors, average pulmonary function declines with age relative to expected population normative values. Those with severe CDH represent a population at risk for worsening pulmonary function test measurements who may benefit from recognition and monitoring for complications.
- congenital diaphragmatic hernia
- linear mixed effects model
- pulmonary function test
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health