Long-term Visual Outcomes of Intravitreal Bevacizumab in Inflammatory Ocular Neovascularization

Ahmad M. Mansour, J. Fernando Arevalo, Focke Ziemssen, Abla Mehio-Sibai, Friederike Mackensen, Alfredo Adan, Wai Man Chan, Thomas Ness, Alay S. Banker, David Dodwell, Thi Ha Chau Tran, Christine Fardeau, Phuc LeHoang, Padmamalini Mahendradas, Maria Berrocal, Zuheir Tabbarah, Nicholas Hrisomalos, Frank Hrisomalos, Khalil Al-Salem, Rainer Guthoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To assess the long-term role of bevacizumab (Avastin; Genentech Inc, South San Francisco, California, USA) in inflammatory ocular neovascularization. Design: Retrospective multicenter consecutive case series of inflammatory ocular neovascularization. Methods: settings: Multicenter institutional and private practices. study population: Patients with inflammatory ocular neovascularization in one or both eyes of varying etiologies who failed standard therapy. intervention: Intravitreal injection of bevacizumab. main outcome measures: Improvement of best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) expressed as logarithm of minimal angle of resolution (logMAR), and decrease in central foveal thickness as measured by optical coherence tomography at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months of follow-up. Results: Mean logMAR BCVA (central foveal thickness) following intravitreal bevacizumab was as follows: baseline, 0.65 (6/27 or 20/90) (338 μm; 99 eyes of 96 patients); 6 months, 0.42 (6/16 or 20/53) (239 μm; 2.0 injections; 81 eyes); 12 months, 0.39 (6/15 or 20/49) (241 μm; 2.3 injections; 95 eyes); 18 months, 0.40 (6/15 or 20/50) (261 μm; 3.0 injections; 46 eyes); and 24 months, 0.34 (6/13 or 20/44) (265 μm; 3.6 injections; 27 eyes). Paired comparisons revealed significant visual improvement at 6 months of 2.4 lines (P = .000), at 12 months of 2.5 lines (P = .000), at 18 months of 2.5 lines (P = .001), and at 24 months of 2.2 lines (P = .013). Paired comparisons revealed significant central foveal flattening at 6 months of 78 μm (P = .000), at 12 months of 85 μm (P = .000), at 18 months of 90 μm (P = .003), and at 24 months of 77 μm (P = .022). Three eyes developed submacular fibrosis and 1 eye submacular hemorrhage. Conclusion: Intravitreal bevacizumab led in the long-term to significant mean visual improvement of ≥2.2 lines and significant foveal flattening in a wide variety of inflammatory ocular diseases without major complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-316.e2
JournalAmerican journal of ophthalmology
Volume148
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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