Long-term survival after cardiac retransplantation: A twenty-year single-center experience

R. John, J. M. Chen, A. Weinberg, M. C. Oz, D. Mancini, S. Itescu, M. E. Galantowicz, C. R. Smith, E. A. Rose, N. M. Edwards, W. A. Baumgartner, R. W. Emery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To identify risk factors for survival after cardiac retransplantation and compare the survival after retransplantation with that after primary cardiac transplantation. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 952 patients undergoing cardiac transplantation for the treatment of end- stage heart disease at a single center between 1977 and October 1997. Of these, 43 patients (4.5%) underwent cardiac retransplantation for cardiac failure resulting from transplant-related coronary artery disease, rejection, and early graft failure. Results: No significant difference in actuarial patient survival was found by Kaplan-Meier analysis at 1, 2, and 5 years between patients undergoing primary transplantation and those undergoing retransplantation-76%, 71%, and 60% versus 66%, 66%, and 51%, respectively (P = .2). Multivariable analysis identified a shorter interval between transplants and an initial diagnosis of ischemic cardiomyopathy as significant risk factors for death after retransplantation (P = .04 and .03, respectively). Since 1993, when our criteria for patient selection for retransplantation were revised on the basis of earlier experience to exclude patients with allograft dysfunction as a result of primary graft failure and those with intractable acute rejection occurring less than 6 months after transplantation, the survival has been significantly better (<1993 = 45%, 45%, and 33% versus ≥1993 = 94%, 94%, and 94% at 1, 2, and 4 years, respectively, P = .003). Conclusion: The long-term outcome of cardiac retransplantation is corn, parable with that of primary transplantation, especially in patients with transplant-related coronary artery disease. Patient characteristics and other preoperative variables should assist in the rational application of retransplantation to ensure optimal use of donor organs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-555
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume117
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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