Objectives: This study sought to explore the long-term arrhythmic outcomes of bilateral cardiac sympathetic denervation (BCSD). Background: BCSD has been associated with improved arrhythmic outcomes in patients with refractory ventricular arrhythmias. However, whether BCSD antiarrhythmic effects are sustained long after the procedure is still uncertain. Methods: We included consecutive patients who underwent BCSD because of refractory ventricular tachycardia (VT) and had at least 18 months of follow-up. VT recurrence after BCSD was evaluated to assess arrhythmic outcomes. The occurrence of VT episodes within the first 12 weeks after the procedure was assessed to explore the impact of early VT recurrence on late arrhythmia-free survival. Results: Twenty patients (42 ± 16 years; 55% male) were included in the analysis. Nineteen (95%) patients had structural heart disease (left ventricular ejection fraction: 0.46 ± 0.14). Class I or class III drugs failed for all patients, and the mean number of VT ablation procedures was 2.5 ± 1.6. Over a mean follow-up of 1,300 ± 321 days (median: 1,276 days [Interquartile range (IQR): 1,181 to 1,480 days), 11 (55%) patients remained VT free after sympathectomy. Freedom from sustained VT or implantable cardioverter-defibrillator shock was 60% (95% confidence interval: 0.35 to 0.77) and 54.5% (95% confidence interval: 0.31 to 0.73) after BCSD at 1 and 4 years. Early VT recurrence was not associated with worse late arrhythmia-free survival rates. Conclusions: BCSD was associated with longstanding antiarrhythmic effects in patients with refractory ventricular arrhythmias. The occurrence of VT episodes early after the procedure was not associated with worse late arrhythmic outcomes.
- cardiac sympathetic denervation
- refractory ventricular tachycardia
- ventricular tachycardia recurrence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)