Long-term obesity levels in female OLETF rats following time-specific post-weaning food restriction

Mariana Schroeder, Vered Gelber, Timothy H. Moran, Aron Weller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Obesity and the metabolic syndrome represent serious health threats affecting increasing numbers of individuals, with females being more affected than males and with growing incidence among children and adolescents. In the present study, we used the OLETF rat model of early-onset obesity to examine the influence of different timing of food restriction on long-term obesity levels in females. Food restriction took place at different time windows: from weaning until postnatal day (PND) 45 (early); from weaning until PND90 (chronic); or from PND45 until PND70 (late). Follow-up continued until PND90. During and after the termination of the diet-restriction period, we focused on peripheral adiposity-related measures such as fat pad weight (brown, retroperitoneal and inguinal); inguinal adipocyte size and number; and leptin, oxytocin and glucose levels. We also examined body weight, feeding efficiency, spontaneous intake after release from diet-restriction, and plasma creatinine levels and estrous cycle characteristics as a result of the chronic diet. The results suggest that while food restriction produced significant weight and adiposity loss, OLETF females presented poor weight loss retention after the early and late short-term diets. The estrous cycle structure and time of first estrous of the OLETF rats were normalized by chronic food restriction. Females responded to early food restriction in a different manner than males did in previous studies, further emphasizing the importance of sex-appropriate approaches in the investigation and treatment of the pathologies related to obesity and the metabolic syndrome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)844-853
Number of pages10
JournalHormones and Behavior
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2010

Keywords

  • Animal models
  • Early onset obesity
  • Obesity
  • Pair feeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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