Long-term incidence of contralateral primary hernia repair following unilateral inguinal hernia repair in a cohort of 32,834 patients

Richard Zheng, Maria S. Altieri, Jie Yang, Hao Chen, Aurora D. Pryor, Andrew Bates, Mark A. Talamini, Dana A. Telem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Asymptomatic contralateral inguinal hernias are often present during initial inguinal hernia repair. Data on long-term results and progression to symptomaticity are sparse. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term rates and risk factors for contralateral inguinal hernia repair following unilateral inguinal hernia repair. Methods: Using New York Statewide Planning and Research Collaborative administrative data, 32,384 adults who underwent initial inguinal hernia repair during 2002–2003 in New York State and achieved 10-year follow-up were identified. ICD-9 and CPT codes were used to identify patients. Patients were followed for 10 years subsequent to their operation to assess for contralateral repair. Those who did not achieve 10-year follow-up were excluded. Risk factors were compared using descriptive univariate statistics. Significant variables were then analyzed via multivariate regression models. Results: For adult patients having primary unilateral hernia repair, 3364 patients (6.73 %) had contralateral repair during the follow-up period. After excluding “loss of follow-up” patients, the contralateral repair rate was 10.8 %. Contralateral hernia repairs first occurred at a mean of 3.9 ± 3.5 years and a median of 2.5 years after the initial surgery. Risk factors included age >45 years (OR 1.7 [1.4–2.0], p <0.001), male gender (OR 2.2 [1.9–2.6], p <0.0001), and white race (OR 1.6 [1.1–2.4], p <0.001). Factors associated with decreased likelihood for repair included: congestive heart failure (OR 0.6 [0.4–0.9], p = 0.01), diabetes (OR 0.7 [0.5–0.8], p = 0.02), neurological disorders (OR 0.6 [0.4–0.9], p = 0.02), obesity (OR 0.3 [0.1–0.8], p = 0.01), and alcohol abuse (OR 0.2 [0.03–0.8], p = 0.03). Conclusion: The 10-year probability of necessitating a contralateral inguinal hernia repair is significant. Elderly white males were more likely to undergo repair. Those less likely to undergo repair had significant comorbid conditions, possibly due to their poor suitability for intervention. These data highlight a key benefit of the laparoscopic approach over open repairs. Based on these data, an argument for laparoscopy with routine contralateral inspection in higher-risk patients can be made.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jul 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Inguinal Hernia
Herniorrhaphy
Incidence
International Classification of Diseases
Current Procedural Terminology
Nervous System Diseases
Laparoscopy
Alcoholism
Heart Failure
Obesity
Research

Keywords

  • Hernia
  • Long term
  • Recurrence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Long-term incidence of contralateral primary hernia repair following unilateral inguinal hernia repair in a cohort of 32,834 patients. / Zheng, Richard; Altieri, Maria S.; Yang, Jie; Chen, Hao; Pryor, Aurora D.; Bates, Andrew; Talamini, Mark A.; Telem, Dana A.

In: Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques, 01.07.2016, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zheng, Richard ; Altieri, Maria S. ; Yang, Jie ; Chen, Hao ; Pryor, Aurora D. ; Bates, Andrew ; Talamini, Mark A. ; Telem, Dana A. / Long-term incidence of contralateral primary hernia repair following unilateral inguinal hernia repair in a cohort of 32,834 patients. In: Surgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques. 2016 ; pp. 1-6.
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title = "Long-term incidence of contralateral primary hernia repair following unilateral inguinal hernia repair in a cohort of 32,834 patients",
abstract = "Background: Asymptomatic contralateral inguinal hernias are often present during initial inguinal hernia repair. Data on long-term results and progression to symptomaticity are sparse. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term rates and risk factors for contralateral inguinal hernia repair following unilateral inguinal hernia repair. Methods: Using New York Statewide Planning and Research Collaborative administrative data, 32,384 adults who underwent initial inguinal hernia repair during 2002–2003 in New York State and achieved 10-year follow-up were identified. ICD-9 and CPT codes were used to identify patients. Patients were followed for 10 years subsequent to their operation to assess for contralateral repair. Those who did not achieve 10-year follow-up were excluded. Risk factors were compared using descriptive univariate statistics. Significant variables were then analyzed via multivariate regression models. Results: For adult patients having primary unilateral hernia repair, 3364 patients (6.73 {\%}) had contralateral repair during the follow-up period. After excluding “loss of follow-up” patients, the contralateral repair rate was 10.8 {\%}. Contralateral hernia repairs first occurred at a mean of 3.9 ± 3.5 years and a median of 2.5 years after the initial surgery. Risk factors included age >45 years (OR 1.7 [1.4–2.0], p <0.001), male gender (OR 2.2 [1.9–2.6], p <0.0001), and white race (OR 1.6 [1.1–2.4], p <0.001). Factors associated with decreased likelihood for repair included: congestive heart failure (OR 0.6 [0.4–0.9], p = 0.01), diabetes (OR 0.7 [0.5–0.8], p = 0.02), neurological disorders (OR 0.6 [0.4–0.9], p = 0.02), obesity (OR 0.3 [0.1–0.8], p = 0.01), and alcohol abuse (OR 0.2 [0.03–0.8], p = 0.03). Conclusion: The 10-year probability of necessitating a contralateral inguinal hernia repair is significant. Elderly white males were more likely to undergo repair. Those less likely to undergo repair had significant comorbid conditions, possibly due to their poor suitability for intervention. These data highlight a key benefit of the laparoscopic approach over open repairs. Based on these data, an argument for laparoscopy with routine contralateral inspection in higher-risk patients can be made.",
keywords = "Hernia, Long term, Recurrence",
author = "Richard Zheng and Altieri, {Maria S.} and Jie Yang and Hao Chen and Pryor, {Aurora D.} and Andrew Bates and Talamini, {Mark A.} and Telem, {Dana A.}",
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T1 - Long-term incidence of contralateral primary hernia repair following unilateral inguinal hernia repair in a cohort of 32,834 patients

AU - Zheng, Richard

AU - Altieri, Maria S.

AU - Yang, Jie

AU - Chen, Hao

AU - Pryor, Aurora D.

AU - Bates, Andrew

AU - Talamini, Mark A.

AU - Telem, Dana A.

PY - 2016/7/1

Y1 - 2016/7/1

N2 - Background: Asymptomatic contralateral inguinal hernias are often present during initial inguinal hernia repair. Data on long-term results and progression to symptomaticity are sparse. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term rates and risk factors for contralateral inguinal hernia repair following unilateral inguinal hernia repair. Methods: Using New York Statewide Planning and Research Collaborative administrative data, 32,384 adults who underwent initial inguinal hernia repair during 2002–2003 in New York State and achieved 10-year follow-up were identified. ICD-9 and CPT codes were used to identify patients. Patients were followed for 10 years subsequent to their operation to assess for contralateral repair. Those who did not achieve 10-year follow-up were excluded. Risk factors were compared using descriptive univariate statistics. Significant variables were then analyzed via multivariate regression models. Results: For adult patients having primary unilateral hernia repair, 3364 patients (6.73 %) had contralateral repair during the follow-up period. After excluding “loss of follow-up” patients, the contralateral repair rate was 10.8 %. Contralateral hernia repairs first occurred at a mean of 3.9 ± 3.5 years and a median of 2.5 years after the initial surgery. Risk factors included age >45 years (OR 1.7 [1.4–2.0], p <0.001), male gender (OR 2.2 [1.9–2.6], p <0.0001), and white race (OR 1.6 [1.1–2.4], p <0.001). Factors associated with decreased likelihood for repair included: congestive heart failure (OR 0.6 [0.4–0.9], p = 0.01), diabetes (OR 0.7 [0.5–0.8], p = 0.02), neurological disorders (OR 0.6 [0.4–0.9], p = 0.02), obesity (OR 0.3 [0.1–0.8], p = 0.01), and alcohol abuse (OR 0.2 [0.03–0.8], p = 0.03). Conclusion: The 10-year probability of necessitating a contralateral inguinal hernia repair is significant. Elderly white males were more likely to undergo repair. Those less likely to undergo repair had significant comorbid conditions, possibly due to their poor suitability for intervention. These data highlight a key benefit of the laparoscopic approach over open repairs. Based on these data, an argument for laparoscopy with routine contralateral inspection in higher-risk patients can be made.

AB - Background: Asymptomatic contralateral inguinal hernias are often present during initial inguinal hernia repair. Data on long-term results and progression to symptomaticity are sparse. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term rates and risk factors for contralateral inguinal hernia repair following unilateral inguinal hernia repair. Methods: Using New York Statewide Planning and Research Collaborative administrative data, 32,384 adults who underwent initial inguinal hernia repair during 2002–2003 in New York State and achieved 10-year follow-up were identified. ICD-9 and CPT codes were used to identify patients. Patients were followed for 10 years subsequent to their operation to assess for contralateral repair. Those who did not achieve 10-year follow-up were excluded. Risk factors were compared using descriptive univariate statistics. Significant variables were then analyzed via multivariate regression models. Results: For adult patients having primary unilateral hernia repair, 3364 patients (6.73 %) had contralateral repair during the follow-up period. After excluding “loss of follow-up” patients, the contralateral repair rate was 10.8 %. Contralateral hernia repairs first occurred at a mean of 3.9 ± 3.5 years and a median of 2.5 years after the initial surgery. Risk factors included age >45 years (OR 1.7 [1.4–2.0], p <0.001), male gender (OR 2.2 [1.9–2.6], p <0.0001), and white race (OR 1.6 [1.1–2.4], p <0.001). Factors associated with decreased likelihood for repair included: congestive heart failure (OR 0.6 [0.4–0.9], p = 0.01), diabetes (OR 0.7 [0.5–0.8], p = 0.02), neurological disorders (OR 0.6 [0.4–0.9], p = 0.02), obesity (OR 0.3 [0.1–0.8], p = 0.01), and alcohol abuse (OR 0.2 [0.03–0.8], p = 0.03). Conclusion: The 10-year probability of necessitating a contralateral inguinal hernia repair is significant. Elderly white males were more likely to undergo repair. Those less likely to undergo repair had significant comorbid conditions, possibly due to their poor suitability for intervention. These data highlight a key benefit of the laparoscopic approach over open repairs. Based on these data, an argument for laparoscopy with routine contralateral inspection in higher-risk patients can be made.

KW - Hernia

KW - Long term

KW - Recurrence

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