Long-term impact of Johnson & Johnson's Health & Wellness Program on health care utilization and expenditures

Ronald J. Ozminkowski, Davina Ling, Ron Z. Goetzel, Jennifer A. Bruno, Kathleen R. Rutter, Fikry Isaac, Sara Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The long-term impact of corporate health and wellness programs is largely unknown, because most evaluations focus on impact in just 1 or 2 years after program initiation. This project estimated the longer-term impact of the Johnson & Johnson Health & Wellness Program on medical care utilization and expenditures. Employees were followed for up to 5 years before and 4 years after Program implementation. Fixed-effects regression models were used to control for measurable and unmeasurable factors that may influence utilization and expenditures. Results indicated a large reduction in medical care expenditures (approximately $224.66 per employee per year) over the 4-year Program period. These benefits came from reduced inpatient use, fewer mental health visits, and fewer outpatient visits compared with the baseline period. Most benefits occurred in years 3 and 4 after Program initiation. We conclude that programs designed to better integrate occupational health, disability, wellness, and medical benefits may have substantial health and economic benefits in later years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-29
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of occupational and environmental medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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