Long-term estrogen therapy abolishes acute estrogen-induced coronary flow augmentation in postmenopausal women.

R. S. Blumenthal, J. A. Brinker, J. R. Resar, S. T. Gloth, H. A. Zacur, V. Coombs, G. Gerstenblith, S. E. Reis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Postmenopausal estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) may reduce the clinical manifestations of coronary heart disease by favorably modulating coronary vasoreactivity. Intravenous ethinyl estradiol acutely increases coronary flow in postmenopausal women not receiving ERT. Because several vasoactive agents induce vasomotor tolerance when administered on a long-term basis, we hypothesized that long-term ERT attenuates the acute coronary vasomotor effects of intravenous ethinyl estradiol. To test this hypothesis, coronary hemodynamics were determined before and 15 minutes after intravenous ethinyl estradiol (35 micrograms) in 10 postmenopausal women who were receiving long-term conjugated ERT (group 1) and 10 who had never received ERT (group 2). Estradiol administration in group 1 was not associated with significant changes in coronary flow or resistance. However, women in group 2 exhibited a 28.6% +/- 6.5% (p < 0.001) increase in coronary flow and a 19.9% +/- 3.5% (p = 0.008) decrease in resistance. These results demonstrate that long-term ERT significantly attenuates the response of coronary arteries to the acute vasomotor effects of a high dose of estradiol. This response may be caused by long-term estrogen-induced coronary flow augmentation or to the development of vasomotor tolerance to estrogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-328
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume133
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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