Long-term effectiveness of a peer-based intervention to promote condom and contraceptive use among HIV-positive and at-risk women

L. A. Fogarty, C. M. Heilig, K. Armstrong, R. Cabral, C. Galavotti, A. C. Gielen, B. M. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. The authors used data from a larger study to evaluate the longterm effects of a peer advocate intervention on condom and contraceptive use among HIV-infected women and women at high risk for HIV infection. Methods. HIV-infected women in one study and women at high risk for HIV infection in a second study were selected from the Women and Infants Demonstration Project and assigned to a standard or an enhanced HIV prevention treatment group. The enhanced intervention included support groups and one-on-one contacts with peer advocates tailored to clients' needs. The authors interviewed women at baseline and at 6-, 12- and 18-months, and measured changes in consistency of condom and contraceptive use and in self-efficacy and perceived advantages and disadvantages of condom and contraceptive use. Results. Of HIV-infected women, the enhanced group had improved consistency in condom use, increased perceived advantages of condom use, and increased level of self-efficacy compared with the standard group. Of women at risk, the enhanced intervention group at six months maintained consistent condom use with a main partner and perceived more benefit of condom use compared with the standard group. These differences diminished at 12 months. Conclusions. The enhanced intervention was generally effective in the HIV+ study. In the at-risk study, however, intervention effects were minimal and short-lived. Factors related to the theory, intervention design, and sample characteristics help explain these differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-119
Number of pages17
JournalPublic health reports
Volume116
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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