The probability of rehospitalization following the initial discharge on which a diagnosis of schizophrenia was made is described using data from psychiatric case registers in Victoria, Australia; Maryland, U.S.A.; Denmark; and Salford, England. The percentage eventually rehospitalized, after followup intervals as long as two decades, varies from about 50 to 80 percent in the four service systems. Survival curves for duration in the community without rehospitalization bend sharply in the period between 2 and 3 years following discharge in all four cohorts and are almost flat after 20 years. Early age of onset predicts higher risk for rehospitalization in multivariate proportional hazards models in each cohort. When age of onset is included as a covariate, neither gender nor marital status has consistent or statistically significant effects on risk for rehospitalization.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health