Localizing the seizure onset zone from single pulse electrical stimulation responses using transfer function models

Golnoosh Kamali, Rachel J. Smith, Mark Hays, Christopher Coogan, Nathan E. Crone, Sridevi V. Sarma, Joon Y. Kang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Surgical resection of the seizure onset zone (SOZ) could potentially lead to seizure-freedom in medically refractory epilepsy patients. However, localizing the SOZ can be a time consuming and tedious process involving visual inspection of intracranial electroencephalographic (iEEG) recordings captured during passive patient monitoring. Single pulse electrical stimulation (SPES) is currently performed on patients undergoing invasive EEG monitoring for the main purposes of mapping functional brain networks such as language and motor networks. We hypothesize that evoked responses from SPES can also be used to localize the SOZ as they may express the natural frequencies and connectivity of the iEEG network. To test our hypothesis, we construct patient specific single-input multi-output transfer function models from the evoked responses recorded from five epilepsy patients that underwent SPES evaluation and iEEG monitoring. Our preliminary results suggest that the stimulation electrodes that produced the highest gain transfer functions, as measured by the {\mathcal{H}-\infty } norm, correspond to those electrodes clinically defined in the SOZ in successfully treated patients.Clinical Relevance - This study creates an innovative tool that allows clinicians to identify the seizure onset zone in medically refractory epilepsy patients using quantitative metrics thereby increasing surgical success outcomes, mitigating patient risks, and decreasing costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2524-2527
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: Jul 20 2020Jul 24 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period7/20/207/24/20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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