One hundred fifteen cases of localized nodular synovitis (giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath) were reviewed. The optimal treatment for these lesions is unknown, and a high recurrence rate exists. Growths arose from most of the synovial sites of the hand, including joints, capsular ligaments, and tendon sheaths. Deformation of the bone surface was commonly seen; however, bone invasion was uncommon. The histologic features may vary, but the lesions are always benign and do not metastasize. Treatment consisted of thorough local excision and adjacent joint exploration when appropriate. Recurrence occurred in 10 cases (9%) with one to five additional surgical procedures needed to eradicate the lesion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine