Localization of peripheral dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in rat corpus cavernosum

J. S. Hyun, T. J. Bivalacqua, M. R. Baig, D. Y. Yang, S. Leungwattanakij, A. Abdel-Mageed, K. D. Kim, W. J.G. Hellstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To detect and locate anatomically peripheral dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in rat cavernosa, as dopamine is important in sexual drive and penile erection through receptors located in the central nervous system. Materials and methods: Corpora cavernosa were obtained from Sprague-Dawley rats; total RNA and membrane proteins were extracted and cryostat sections prepared. The rat brain hypothalamus was used as a control for dopamine D1 and D2 receptors. The presence and expression of peripheral dopamine D1 and D2 receptor mRNAs in rat corpus cavernosa was assessed using reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and Northern blot hybridization using 32P-UTP-labelled RNA probes. Concurrently, corresponding proteins from D1 and D2 receptors were assayed and detected by a Western blotting technique. The anatomical location of dopamine D1 and D2 receptor mRNAs in rat penile tissues was identified by in situ hybridization using 35S-UTP-labelled RNA probes in cryostat sections. Immunohistochemical staining was used to locate peripheral dopamine D1 and D2 receptor proteins in rat corpora cavernosa. Results: Dopamine D1 and D2 receptor gene expression was detected in rat corpora cavernosa. In situ hybridization signals for dopamine D1 and D2 receptor mRNAs were localized to corpus cavernosal tissues and dorsal vessels in the rat penis. Western blot analyses showed peripheral dopamine D1 and D2 receptor proteins in rat corpora cavernosa. Immunohistochemically, peripheral dopamine D1 and D2 receptor proteins were detected in dorsal nerves, dorsal vessels and corpus cavernosal smooth muscle of the rat penile tissues. Conclusions: Peripheral dopamine D1 and D2 receptors are present in the corpora cavernosa of rats. The functional significance of these receptors and signal transduction pathways in modulating the vascular tone of the penis warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-112
Number of pages8
JournalBJU International
Volume90
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Corpus cavernosum
  • Dopamine receptor
  • Rat penis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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