Localization of herpes simplex virus type 1 UL37 in the Golgi complex requires UL36 but not capsid structures

Prashant Desai, Gerry L. Sexton, Eugene Huang, Stanley Person

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) UL37 gene encodes a 120-kDa polypeptide which resides in the tegument structure of the virion and is important for morphogenesis. The goal of this study was to use green fluorescent protein (GFP) to follow the fate of UL37 within cells during the normal course of virus replication. GFP was inserted in frame at the C terminus of UL37 to generate a fluorescent-protein-tagged UL37 polypeptide. A virus designated K37eGFP, which replicated normally on Vero cells, was isolated and was shown to express the fusion polypeptide. When cells infected with this virus were examined by confocal microscopy, the fluorescence was observed to be predominantly cytoplasmic. As the infection progressed, fluorescence began to accumulate in a juxtanuclear structure. Mannosidase II and giantin were observed to colocalize with UL37eGFP at these structures, as judged by immunofluorescence assays. Therefore, UL37 traffics to the Golgi complex during infection. A VP26mRFP marker (red fluorescent protein fused to VP26) was recombined into K37eGFP, and when cells infected with this "dual- color" virus were examined, colocalization of the red (capsid) and green (UL37) fluorescence in the Golgi structure was observed. Null mutations in VP5 (ΔVP5), which abolished capsid assembly, and in UL36 (Δ36) were recombined into the K37eGFP virus genome. In cells infected with K37eGFP/ΔVP5, localization of UL37eGFP to the Golgi complex was similar to that for the parental virus (K37eGFP), indicating that trafficking of UL37eGFP to the Golgi complex did not require capsid structures. Confocal analysis of cells infected with K37eGFP/Δ36 showed that, in the absence of UL36, accumulation of UL37eGFP at the Golgi complex was not evident. This indicates an interaction between these two proteins that is important for localization of UL37 in the Golgi complex and thus possibly for cytoplasmic envelopment of the capsid. This is the first demonstration of a functional role for UL36:UL37 interaction in HSV-1-infected cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11354-11361
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume82
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008

Fingerprint

Human herpesvirus 1
capsid
Capsid
Human Herpesvirus 1
Golgi Apparatus
Golgi apparatus
Viruses
viruses
Fluorescence
polypeptides
cells
Green Fluorescent Proteins
Peptides
fluorescence
green fluorescent protein
mannosidases
Vero Cells
Virus Replication
Infection
Morphogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Virology

Cite this

Localization of herpes simplex virus type 1 UL37 in the Golgi complex requires UL36 but not capsid structures. / Desai, Prashant; Sexton, Gerry L.; Huang, Eugene; Person, Stanley.

In: Journal of Virology, Vol. 82, No. 22, 11.2008, p. 11354-11361.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Desai, Prashant ; Sexton, Gerry L. ; Huang, Eugene ; Person, Stanley. / Localization of herpes simplex virus type 1 UL37 in the Golgi complex requires UL36 but not capsid structures. In: Journal of Virology. 2008 ; Vol. 82, No. 22. pp. 11354-11361.
@article{f2758e8e9e4d44fe8bd64a923bb3c112,
title = "Localization of herpes simplex virus type 1 UL37 in the Golgi complex requires UL36 but not capsid structures",
abstract = "The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) UL37 gene encodes a 120-kDa polypeptide which resides in the tegument structure of the virion and is important for morphogenesis. The goal of this study was to use green fluorescent protein (GFP) to follow the fate of UL37 within cells during the normal course of virus replication. GFP was inserted in frame at the C terminus of UL37 to generate a fluorescent-protein-tagged UL37 polypeptide. A virus designated K37eGFP, which replicated normally on Vero cells, was isolated and was shown to express the fusion polypeptide. When cells infected with this virus were examined by confocal microscopy, the fluorescence was observed to be predominantly cytoplasmic. As the infection progressed, fluorescence began to accumulate in a juxtanuclear structure. Mannosidase II and giantin were observed to colocalize with UL37eGFP at these structures, as judged by immunofluorescence assays. Therefore, UL37 traffics to the Golgi complex during infection. A VP26mRFP marker (red fluorescent protein fused to VP26) was recombined into K37eGFP, and when cells infected with this {"}dual- color{"} virus were examined, colocalization of the red (capsid) and green (UL37) fluorescence in the Golgi structure was observed. Null mutations in VP5 (ΔVP5), which abolished capsid assembly, and in UL36 (Δ36) were recombined into the K37eGFP virus genome. In cells infected with K37eGFP/ΔVP5, localization of UL37eGFP to the Golgi complex was similar to that for the parental virus (K37eGFP), indicating that trafficking of UL37eGFP to the Golgi complex did not require capsid structures. Confocal analysis of cells infected with K37eGFP/Δ36 showed that, in the absence of UL36, accumulation of UL37eGFP at the Golgi complex was not evident. This indicates an interaction between these two proteins that is important for localization of UL37 in the Golgi complex and thus possibly for cytoplasmic envelopment of the capsid. This is the first demonstration of a functional role for UL36:UL37 interaction in HSV-1-infected cells.",
author = "Prashant Desai and Sexton, {Gerry L.} and Eugene Huang and Stanley Person",
year = "2008",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1128/JVI.00956-08",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "82",
pages = "11354--11361",
journal = "Journal of Virology",
issn = "0022-538X",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "22",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Localization of herpes simplex virus type 1 UL37 in the Golgi complex requires UL36 but not capsid structures

AU - Desai, Prashant

AU - Sexton, Gerry L.

AU - Huang, Eugene

AU - Person, Stanley

PY - 2008/11

Y1 - 2008/11

N2 - The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) UL37 gene encodes a 120-kDa polypeptide which resides in the tegument structure of the virion and is important for morphogenesis. The goal of this study was to use green fluorescent protein (GFP) to follow the fate of UL37 within cells during the normal course of virus replication. GFP was inserted in frame at the C terminus of UL37 to generate a fluorescent-protein-tagged UL37 polypeptide. A virus designated K37eGFP, which replicated normally on Vero cells, was isolated and was shown to express the fusion polypeptide. When cells infected with this virus were examined by confocal microscopy, the fluorescence was observed to be predominantly cytoplasmic. As the infection progressed, fluorescence began to accumulate in a juxtanuclear structure. Mannosidase II and giantin were observed to colocalize with UL37eGFP at these structures, as judged by immunofluorescence assays. Therefore, UL37 traffics to the Golgi complex during infection. A VP26mRFP marker (red fluorescent protein fused to VP26) was recombined into K37eGFP, and when cells infected with this "dual- color" virus were examined, colocalization of the red (capsid) and green (UL37) fluorescence in the Golgi structure was observed. Null mutations in VP5 (ΔVP5), which abolished capsid assembly, and in UL36 (Δ36) were recombined into the K37eGFP virus genome. In cells infected with K37eGFP/ΔVP5, localization of UL37eGFP to the Golgi complex was similar to that for the parental virus (K37eGFP), indicating that trafficking of UL37eGFP to the Golgi complex did not require capsid structures. Confocal analysis of cells infected with K37eGFP/Δ36 showed that, in the absence of UL36, accumulation of UL37eGFP at the Golgi complex was not evident. This indicates an interaction between these two proteins that is important for localization of UL37 in the Golgi complex and thus possibly for cytoplasmic envelopment of the capsid. This is the first demonstration of a functional role for UL36:UL37 interaction in HSV-1-infected cells.

AB - The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) UL37 gene encodes a 120-kDa polypeptide which resides in the tegument structure of the virion and is important for morphogenesis. The goal of this study was to use green fluorescent protein (GFP) to follow the fate of UL37 within cells during the normal course of virus replication. GFP was inserted in frame at the C terminus of UL37 to generate a fluorescent-protein-tagged UL37 polypeptide. A virus designated K37eGFP, which replicated normally on Vero cells, was isolated and was shown to express the fusion polypeptide. When cells infected with this virus were examined by confocal microscopy, the fluorescence was observed to be predominantly cytoplasmic. As the infection progressed, fluorescence began to accumulate in a juxtanuclear structure. Mannosidase II and giantin were observed to colocalize with UL37eGFP at these structures, as judged by immunofluorescence assays. Therefore, UL37 traffics to the Golgi complex during infection. A VP26mRFP marker (red fluorescent protein fused to VP26) was recombined into K37eGFP, and when cells infected with this "dual- color" virus were examined, colocalization of the red (capsid) and green (UL37) fluorescence in the Golgi structure was observed. Null mutations in VP5 (ΔVP5), which abolished capsid assembly, and in UL36 (Δ36) were recombined into the K37eGFP virus genome. In cells infected with K37eGFP/ΔVP5, localization of UL37eGFP to the Golgi complex was similar to that for the parental virus (K37eGFP), indicating that trafficking of UL37eGFP to the Golgi complex did not require capsid structures. Confocal analysis of cells infected with K37eGFP/Δ36 showed that, in the absence of UL36, accumulation of UL37eGFP at the Golgi complex was not evident. This indicates an interaction between these two proteins that is important for localization of UL37 in the Golgi complex and thus possibly for cytoplasmic envelopment of the capsid. This is the first demonstration of a functional role for UL36:UL37 interaction in HSV-1-infected cells.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=55549112567&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=55549112567&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1128/JVI.00956-08

DO - 10.1128/JVI.00956-08

M3 - Article

C2 - 18787001

AN - SCOPUS:55549112567

VL - 82

SP - 11354

EP - 11361

JO - Journal of Virology

JF - Journal of Virology

SN - 0022-538X

IS - 22

ER -