Deletion of the long arm of chromosome 6 (6q) is one of the most common chromosomal alterations in human B-cell lymphomas. Conventional cytogenetic banding analysis and loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH) studies have detected several common regions of deletion ranging across the entire long arm (6q), with no defined recurrent breakpoint yet identified. We describe here a strategy combining chromosome microdissection and fluorescence in situ hybridization (Micro-FISH) to determine a minimal region of deletion along chromosome 6. Seven clinical cases and one cell line of follicular lymphoma containing a t(14;18) and one case of diffuse lymphoma, also with a t(14;18), were used for this study. All nine cases had previously defined abnormalities of chromosome 6 determined by cytogenetic analysis. The results of chromosome dissection were unexpected and in contrast to the suggestion of disparate breakpoints by conventional chromosome banding. Specifically, Micro-FiSH analysis provided evidence for a common breakpoint at 6q11 in seven of nine cases. After Micro-FISH analysis, all of the presumed simple deletions of chromosome 6 were carefully reanalyzed and shown to actually represent either nonreciprocal translocations (three cases), interstitial deletions (five cases), or isochromosome (one case). The recurrent proximal breakpoint (6q11) was detected in seven of nine cases, with the minimal region of deletion encompassing 6q11 to 6q21. By analogy to other tumor systems, the identification of recurring breakpoints within 6q11 may suggest that a gene(s) important to the genesis or progression of follicular lymphoma can be localized to this band region.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Aug 15 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology