Local transport barrier formation and relaxation in reverse-shear plasmas on the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor

E. J. Synakowski, S. H. Batha, M. A. Beer, M. G. Bell, R. E. Bell, R. V. Budny, C. E. Bush, P. C. Efthimion, T. S. Hahm, G. W. Hammett, B. Leblanc, F. Levinton, E. Mazzucato, H. Park, A. T. Ramsey, G. Schmidt, G. Rewoldt, S. D. Scott, G. Taylor, M. C. Zarnstorff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The roles of turbulence stabilization by sheared [formula omitted] flow and Shafranov shift gradients are examined for Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor [D. J. Grove and D. M. Meade, Nucl. Fusion 25, 1167 (1985)] enhanced reverse-shear (ERS) plasmas. Both effects in combination provide the basis of a positive-feedback model that predicts reinforced turbulence suppression with increasing pressure gradient. Local fluctuation behavior at the onset of ERS confinement is consistent with this framework. The power required for transitions into the ERS regime are lower when high power neutral beams are applied earlier in the current profile evolution, consistent with the suggestion that both effects play a role. Separation of the roles of [formula omitted] and Shafranov shift effects was performed by varying the [formula omitted] shear through changes in the toroidal velocity with nearly steady-state pressure profiles. Transport and fluctuation levels increase only when [formula omitted] shearing rates are driven below a critical value that is comparable to the fastest linear growth rates of the dominant instabilities. While a turbulence suppression criterion that involves the ratio of shearing to linear growth rates is in accord with many of these results, the existence of hidden dependencies of the criterion is suggested in experiments where the toroidal field was varied. The forward transition into the ERS regime has also been examined in strongly rotating plasmas. The power threshold is higher with unidirectional injection than with balance injection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1736-1744
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • BIFURCATION
  • FLUCTUATIONS
  • INSTABILITY GROWTH RATES
  • PLASMA CONFINEMENT
  • PLASMA INSTABILITY
  • SCALING LAWS
  • SHEAR
  • TFTR TOKAMAK
  • TURBULENCE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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