Local and Distant Recurrence in Resected Sacral Chordomas: A Systematic Review and Pooled Cohort Analysis

Daniel Kerekes, C. Rory Goodwin, A. Karim Ahmed, Jorrit Jan Verlaan, Chetan Bettegowda, Nancy Abu-Bonsrah, Daniel M. Sciubba

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Study Design: Systematic review. Objectives: Sacral chordomas are rare, primary tumors of the spine, best treated with en bloc resection. The purpose of this study was to assess the literature for resected sacral chordoma and to quantify the prevalence of, risk factors for, and treatment outcomes of local and distant recurrence therein. Methods: We searched 5 online databases from January 1980 to May 2016 to find articles that report survival, recurrence outcomes, and/or prognostic factors for the resected sacral chordoma patient population. Characteristics and clinical outcomes of the pooled cohort are reported. Fisher exact tests, unpaired t tests, and one-way analysis of variance were used to investigate patient- and treatment-associated prognostic factors for local and distant recurrence. Survival analyses were performed for time to local recurrence and death. The protocol’s PROSPERO ID is CRD42015024384. Results: Fifty-seven studies, with 1235 unique sacral chordoma patients, were included in this review. Local and distant recurrence occurred in 42.6% and 22.4% of patients with adequate follow-up, respectively. Kaplan-Meier overall median survival for patients with and without recurrence were 98 and 209 months after surgery, respectively. Wide surgical margin was associated with a lower rate of local recurrence; and wide surgical margin, female sex, and patient age ≥65 years were associated with lower rates of distant recurrence. Conclusions: While surgical margin remains the most significant prognostic factor for local and distant recurrence, combined surgical approach may be associated with local recurrence. Male sex and age <65 years may be associated with distant recurrence. Patients with risk factors for recurrence should undergo close monitoring to maximize survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-201
Number of pages11
JournalGlobal Spine Journal
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Keywords

  • lumbosacral
  • recurrent chordoma
  • sacral chordoma
  • sacrum
  • systematic review
  • tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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