Local All-Age Bicycle Helmet Ordinances in the United States: A Review and Analysis

Molly Merrill-Francis, Jon S Vernick, Keshia M.Pollack Porter

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Bicycle helmets protect against head injury. Mandatory helmet laws likely increase their use. Although 21 states and Washington, DC have mandatory helmet laws for youth (variously defined) bicyclists, no U.S. state has a mandatory helmet law that applies to all ages; however, some localities have all-age helmet laws for bicyclists. This study abstracted local helmet laws applicable to all-ages to examine their elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-291
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Law, Medicine and Ethics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Issues, ethics and legal aspects
  • Health Policy

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