Liver transplantation for HBV-related disease under immunosuppression with tacrolimus: an experience with 78 consecutive cases.

O. Bronsther, S. Ersoz, M. Tugcu, B. Eghtesad, A. Gurakar, D. H. Van Thiel

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Abstract

Hepatitis B viral liver disease (HBVLD) is a major worldwide health problem. It is estimated over 300 million people have had hepatitis B virus infection and that one-third of these have chronic HBVLD. Little effective therapy exists for HBVLD even though high dose interferon (IFN) has been advocated. For those who either are untreated or do not respond to IFN, HBVLD is steadily progressive and orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx) is the only available therapy. Until quite recently, all OLTx recipients received cyclosporine (CyA) and prednisone. The consequence of OLTx for HBV disease in individuals immunosuppressed with tacrolimus has not previously been reported. A total of 78 consecutive patients with HBV-related liver diseases who were transplanted between January 1, 1990, and December 31, 1991, and treated with tacrolimus were studied. The clinical records of these patients were reviewed retrospectively. HBV disease recurrence was documented with serologic and histologic methods. As of April 1, 1993, 57 of 78 (73%) of the patients were still alive. Thirty-one of the alive patients have documented HBV recurrence. Eighteen of these 31 patients, however, have normal liver function. With a median follow-up of 24 months, 8 patients (10.9%) have died of recurrent HBVLD. Seven of 8 patients, who preoperatively were HBeAg+, developed recurrence and 4 of these patients have already died of recurrence. Patients who were HBsAg+ rarely recurred (1 of 16 patients). The use of HBIG did not prevent recurrence.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
Volume88
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1995
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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