Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate the value of volumetric contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using gadoxetate disodium in early assessment of treatment response after intra-arterial therapy (IAT). Materials and Methods This prospective study included 21 patients (32 malignant lesions) who underwent MRI using gadoxetate disodium before and early after IAT. Two reviewers reported response by anatomic criteria including Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumor (RECIST), Modified RECIST (mRECIST), and European Association for the Study of Liver Disease and functional criteria including volumetric enhancement in hepatic arterial phase and portal venous phase. Treatment end point was RECIST at 6 months. A 2-sample paired t test was used to compare the mean changes after IAT. A P value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Responders by RECIST at 6 months did not fulfill partial response by conventional criteria at 1 month, except for mRECIST by reader 2. The mRECIST and European Association for the Study of Liver Disease could not be assessed in a total of 4 and 3 lesions for readers 1 and 2, respectively. However, volumetric measurements were obtained in all lesions and the changes were statistically significant at 1 month for hepatic arterial phase (P = 0.02 and P = 0.008) and portal venous phase (P < 0.0001 and P < 0.0001), as assessed by both readers, respectively. Conclusions Volumetric contrast-enhanced MRI using gadoxetate disodium may be a helpful tool to evaluate early treatment response after IAT in malignant liver tumors.
- gadoxetate disodium
- intra-arterial therapy
- malignant liver tumors
- treatment response
- volumetric contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging