Live case demonstrations: Attitudes and ethical implications for practice

Jeremy Sugarman, Holly Taylor, Michael R. Jaff, Timothy M. Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Live case demonstrations (LCDs) are now prevalent in medical education courses despite ethical concerns including that they may expose patients to undue risk. However, there are limited data regarding many aspects of LCDs to help inform policies and guidelines regarding them. Methods: We conducted an Internet-based survey of clinicians who have served as faculty or attended the 2009 and 2010 professional meetings sponsored by VIVA (Vascular Interventional Advances). Results: There were 106 VIVA 2009 respondents and 165 VIVA 2010 respondents. Observing an LCD was more valuable than watching a prerecorded video for most (70% in 2009; 82% in 2010) respondents. About one-third of respondents thought that LCD patients are exposed to more risk than non-LCD patients. Respondents who had been operators were more likely to agree that LCD patients are exposed to more risk (p = 0.001 in 2009; p = 0.022 in 2010). Approximately one-third of respondents in 2009 and one-half in 2010 thought that patients experience direct medical benefit in an LCD. The majority (71% in 2009; 76% in 2010) indicated that they would support the decision of a family member or friend to be an LCD patient, few (44% in 2009; 58% in 2010) indicated that they personally would agree to be an LCD patient. Conclusions: This survey provides new insights into the value and risk of LCDs. Obtaining the perspective of patients would be extremely valuable in helping to ensure that the ethical aspects of LCDs are addressed properly and thoroughly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)867-872
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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