Lipoprotein(a) and coronary heart disease risk factors in a racially mixed population: The Johns Hopkins sibling study

Sheila R. Weiss, Paul S. Bachorik, Lewis C. Becker, Taryn F. Moy, Diane M. Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To determine if heart disease risk factors differentially affect lipoprotein(a) concentration by race, we assessed the association of lipoprotein(a) with heart disease risk factors in healthy Caucasians and African Americans with family histories of premature heart disease. Methods: Participants (403 Caucasian and 148 African American), all less than 60 years old and free of heart disease, were recruited through a brother or sister diagnosed with coronary heart disease before age 60. Risk factor information was elicited through an interview and medical examination. Results: As expected, lipoprotein(a) was significantly higher among African Americans than among Caucasians. Mean lipoprotein(a) concentrations were positively associated with smoking status and age, and negatively associated with hypertension in African Americans. Smokers had lipoprotein(a) levels 38% higher than nonsmokers. Conversely, lipoprotein(a) concentrations were unrelated to heart disease risk factors among Caucasians. Conclusion: While this study confirms that lipoprotein(a) concentration is independent of CHD risk factors in Caucasians, lipoprotein(a) appears to be related to several CHD risk factors in African Americans at high risk for premature heart disease. Given the high levels of lipoprotein(a) in people of African descent and lipoprotein(a)'s link to cardiovascular diseases, more research is needed to understand the relationship of lipoprotein(a) to heart disease risk factors and the subsequent disease in African-American populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-72
Number of pages13
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume8
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 1998

Keywords

  • Coronary Disease
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Lipoprotein(a)
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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