Lipopolysaccharide stimulates the tyrosine phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases p44, p42, and p41 in vascular endothelial cells in a soluble CD14-dependent manner

Role of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in lipopolysaccharide-induced stimulation of endothelial cells

Moshe Arditi, Jin Zhou, Martine Torres, Donald L. Durden, Monique Stins, Kwang Sik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vascular endothelial cell (EC) injury or activation by LPS plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of Gram-negative meningitis and endotoxic shock. EC do not express membrane CD14, but respond to LPS in a soluble CD14-dependent manner. The signal transduction mechanisms involved in LPS-induced EC responses are largely unknown. We used bovine and human brain microvessel EC (BBMEC, and HBMEC) to study LPS-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation. LPS rapidly induced the tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins in BBMEC and HBMEC, which was detectable by 5 to 15 min, reached a maximum by 30 min, and declined by 60 to 90 min. The increase in tyrosine phosphorylation was apparent following stimulation with LPS at 0.1 ng/ml and was dose dependent up to 100 ng/ml. Similar changes in tyrosine phosphorylation were induced by smooth and rough LPS as well as lipid A, but not by the inactive lipid A analogue, Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides diphosphoryl lipid A. Pretreatment of EC with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, herbimycin A, inhibited LPS-stimulated protein tyrosine phosphorylation and LPS-mediated lactic dehydrogenase release from BBMEC and IL-6 release from HBMEC in a dose-dependent manner. Three proteins with apparent m.w. of 44, 42, and 41 kDa were predominant among the LPS-induced tyrosine phosphoproteins, and they were identified as mitogen-activated protein kinase isoforms ERK1, ERK2, and p38, respectively. LPS-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation in HBMEC and BBMEC was soluble CD14 dependent, since pretreatment of these cells with antihCD14 mAb inhibited the LPS-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of p44, p42, and p41. Additionally, LPS induced a mobility shift in p44 and p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase isozymes, which was inhibited by herbimycin A pretreatment of the EC. These findings demonstrate for the first time that increased protein tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases occur rapidly after LPS stimulation of EC in the presence of soluble CD14. Our data also suggest that a herbimycin-sensitive step, presumably a tyrosine kinase, is involved in mediating LPS-induced human EC activation and IL-6 secretion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3993-4003
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume155
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

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Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Tyrosine
Lipopolysaccharides
Endothelial Cells
Phosphorylation
Proteins
Lipid A
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Interleukin-6
Rhodobacter sphaeroides
Phosphoproteins
Septic Shock
Microvessels
Meningitis
Isoenzymes
Signal Transduction
Oxidoreductases
Protein Isoforms
Milk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

@article{e123d40412514efaae41c1c1549569b5,
title = "Lipopolysaccharide stimulates the tyrosine phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases p44, p42, and p41 in vascular endothelial cells in a soluble CD14-dependent manner: Role of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in lipopolysaccharide-induced stimulation of endothelial cells",
abstract = "Vascular endothelial cell (EC) injury or activation by LPS plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of Gram-negative meningitis and endotoxic shock. EC do not express membrane CD14, but respond to LPS in a soluble CD14-dependent manner. The signal transduction mechanisms involved in LPS-induced EC responses are largely unknown. We used bovine and human brain microvessel EC (BBMEC, and HBMEC) to study LPS-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation. LPS rapidly induced the tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins in BBMEC and HBMEC, which was detectable by 5 to 15 min, reached a maximum by 30 min, and declined by 60 to 90 min. The increase in tyrosine phosphorylation was apparent following stimulation with LPS at 0.1 ng/ml and was dose dependent up to 100 ng/ml. Similar changes in tyrosine phosphorylation were induced by smooth and rough LPS as well as lipid A, but not by the inactive lipid A analogue, Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides diphosphoryl lipid A. Pretreatment of EC with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, herbimycin A, inhibited LPS-stimulated protein tyrosine phosphorylation and LPS-mediated lactic dehydrogenase release from BBMEC and IL-6 release from HBMEC in a dose-dependent manner. Three proteins with apparent m.w. of 44, 42, and 41 kDa were predominant among the LPS-induced tyrosine phosphoproteins, and they were identified as mitogen-activated protein kinase isoforms ERK1, ERK2, and p38, respectively. LPS-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation in HBMEC and BBMEC was soluble CD14 dependent, since pretreatment of these cells with antihCD14 mAb inhibited the LPS-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of p44, p42, and p41. Additionally, LPS induced a mobility shift in p44 and p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase isozymes, which was inhibited by herbimycin A pretreatment of the EC. These findings demonstrate for the first time that increased protein tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases occur rapidly after LPS stimulation of EC in the presence of soluble CD14. Our data also suggest that a herbimycin-sensitive step, presumably a tyrosine kinase, is involved in mediating LPS-induced human EC activation and IL-6 secretion.",
author = "Moshe Arditi and Jin Zhou and Martine Torres and Durden, {Donald L.} and Monique Stins and Kim, {Kwang Sik}",
year = "1995",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "155",
pages = "3993--4003",
journal = "Journal of Immunology",
issn = "0022-1767",
publisher = "American Association of Immunologists",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lipopolysaccharide stimulates the tyrosine phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein kinases p44, p42, and p41 in vascular endothelial cells in a soluble CD14-dependent manner

T2 - Role of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in lipopolysaccharide-induced stimulation of endothelial cells

AU - Arditi, Moshe

AU - Zhou, Jin

AU - Torres, Martine

AU - Durden, Donald L.

AU - Stins, Monique

AU - Kim, Kwang Sik

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Vascular endothelial cell (EC) injury or activation by LPS plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of Gram-negative meningitis and endotoxic shock. EC do not express membrane CD14, but respond to LPS in a soluble CD14-dependent manner. The signal transduction mechanisms involved in LPS-induced EC responses are largely unknown. We used bovine and human brain microvessel EC (BBMEC, and HBMEC) to study LPS-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation. LPS rapidly induced the tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins in BBMEC and HBMEC, which was detectable by 5 to 15 min, reached a maximum by 30 min, and declined by 60 to 90 min. The increase in tyrosine phosphorylation was apparent following stimulation with LPS at 0.1 ng/ml and was dose dependent up to 100 ng/ml. Similar changes in tyrosine phosphorylation were induced by smooth and rough LPS as well as lipid A, but not by the inactive lipid A analogue, Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides diphosphoryl lipid A. Pretreatment of EC with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, herbimycin A, inhibited LPS-stimulated protein tyrosine phosphorylation and LPS-mediated lactic dehydrogenase release from BBMEC and IL-6 release from HBMEC in a dose-dependent manner. Three proteins with apparent m.w. of 44, 42, and 41 kDa were predominant among the LPS-induced tyrosine phosphoproteins, and they were identified as mitogen-activated protein kinase isoforms ERK1, ERK2, and p38, respectively. LPS-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation in HBMEC and BBMEC was soluble CD14 dependent, since pretreatment of these cells with antihCD14 mAb inhibited the LPS-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of p44, p42, and p41. Additionally, LPS induced a mobility shift in p44 and p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase isozymes, which was inhibited by herbimycin A pretreatment of the EC. These findings demonstrate for the first time that increased protein tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases occur rapidly after LPS stimulation of EC in the presence of soluble CD14. Our data also suggest that a herbimycin-sensitive step, presumably a tyrosine kinase, is involved in mediating LPS-induced human EC activation and IL-6 secretion.

AB - Vascular endothelial cell (EC) injury or activation by LPS plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of Gram-negative meningitis and endotoxic shock. EC do not express membrane CD14, but respond to LPS in a soluble CD14-dependent manner. The signal transduction mechanisms involved in LPS-induced EC responses are largely unknown. We used bovine and human brain microvessel EC (BBMEC, and HBMEC) to study LPS-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation. LPS rapidly induced the tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins in BBMEC and HBMEC, which was detectable by 5 to 15 min, reached a maximum by 30 min, and declined by 60 to 90 min. The increase in tyrosine phosphorylation was apparent following stimulation with LPS at 0.1 ng/ml and was dose dependent up to 100 ng/ml. Similar changes in tyrosine phosphorylation were induced by smooth and rough LPS as well as lipid A, but not by the inactive lipid A analogue, Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides diphosphoryl lipid A. Pretreatment of EC with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor, herbimycin A, inhibited LPS-stimulated protein tyrosine phosphorylation and LPS-mediated lactic dehydrogenase release from BBMEC and IL-6 release from HBMEC in a dose-dependent manner. Three proteins with apparent m.w. of 44, 42, and 41 kDa were predominant among the LPS-induced tyrosine phosphoproteins, and they were identified as mitogen-activated protein kinase isoforms ERK1, ERK2, and p38, respectively. LPS-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation in HBMEC and BBMEC was soluble CD14 dependent, since pretreatment of these cells with antihCD14 mAb inhibited the LPS-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of p44, p42, and p41. Additionally, LPS induced a mobility shift in p44 and p42 mitogen-activated protein kinase isozymes, which was inhibited by herbimycin A pretreatment of the EC. These findings demonstrate for the first time that increased protein tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases occur rapidly after LPS stimulation of EC in the presence of soluble CD14. Our data also suggest that a herbimycin-sensitive step, presumably a tyrosine kinase, is involved in mediating LPS-induced human EC activation and IL-6 secretion.

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M3 - Article

VL - 155

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JO - Journal of Immunology

JF - Journal of Immunology

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