Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D2 synthase (L-PGDS) modulates beneficial metabolic effects of vertical sleeve gastrectomy

Sunil Kumar, Raymond Lau, Christopher E. Hall, Thomas Palaia, Drew A. Rideout, Collin E. Brathwaite, Louis Ragolia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG) ameliorates metabolic complications in obese and diabetic patients through unknown mechanisms. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the role of lipocalin-type prostaglandin D2 synthase (L-PGDS) in glucose regulation in response to VSG using L-PGDS knock-out (KO), knock-in (KI), and C57BL/6 (wild type) mice. Setting Winthrop University Hospital Research Institute. Methods Animals were divided into 6 groups: L-PGDS KO sham/VSG (n = 5), L-PGDS KI sham/VSG (n = 5), and C57BL/6 (wild type) sham/VSG (n = 5). Related parameters were measured in fasting animals after 10 weeks. Results Our intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests and homeostatic model assessment insulin resistance results showed significant glycemic improvement 10 weeks post-VSG in both C57BL/6 and KI groups compared with the sham group. In contrast, the KO group developed glucose intolerance and insulin resistance similar to or greater than the sham group 10 weeks post-VSG. Interestingly, weight gain was insignificant 10 weeks post-VSG in all the groups and even trended higher in the KO group compared with sham. Peptide YY levels in the KO group post-VSG were slightly increased but significantly less than other groups. Similarly, the KO group showed significantly less leptin sensitivity in response to VSG compared with the KI group. Total cholesterol level remained unchanged in all groups irrespective of sham or surgery but interestingly, the KO group had significantly higher cholesterol levels. In parallel, adipocyte size was also found to be significantly increased in the KO group post-VSG compared with the sham group. Conclusion Our findings propose that L-PGDS plays an important role in the beneficial metabolic effects observed after VSG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1523-1531
Number of pages9
JournalSurgery for Obesity and Related Diseases
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Glucose tolerance
  • L-PGDS knock-in
  • L-PGDS knockout
  • Vertical sleeve gastrectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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