Linking reminders and physician breast cancer screening recommendations: Results from a national survey

Elizabeth J. Siembida, Archana Radhakrishnan, Sarah A. Nowak, Andrew M. Parker, Craig Evan Pollack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose Physician reminders have successfully increased rates of mammography. However, considering recent changes to breast cancer screening guidelines that disagree on the optimal age to start and stop mammography screening, we sought to examine the extent to which reminders have been deployed for breast cancer screening targeting younger and older patients. Methods A mailed survey was sent to a national sample of 2,000 primary care physicians between May and September 2016. Physicians were askedwhether they received reminders to screen women in various age groups (40 to 44, 45 to 49, and ≥ 75 years), the organizational screening guidelines they trusted most, and whether they recommended routine breast cancer screening to average-riskwomenin the different age groups. Using regression models,weassessedtheassociationbetweenremindersandphysicianscreeningrecommendations,controlling for physician and practice characteristics, and evaluatedwhether the association varied by the guidelines they trusted. ResultsAtotal of 871physicians responded (adjusted response rate, 52.3%). Overall,28.9%of physicians reported receiving reminders for patient ages 40 to 44 years, 32.5% for patient ages 45 to 49 years, and 16.5% for patient ages ≥ 75 years. Receiving reminders significantly increased the likelihood of physicians recommending mammography screening. In adjusted analyses, 84% (95% CI, 77% to 90%) of physicians who received reminders recommended screening for women ages ≥ 75 versus 65% (95% CI, 62% to 69%) of those who did not receive reminders. The associations between reminders and screening recommendations remained consistent regardless of which guidelines physicians reported trusting. Conclusion Reminders were significantly associated with increases in physician screening recommendations for mammography, underscoring the need for careful implementation in scenarios where guidelines are discordant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalJCO Clinical Cancer Informatics
Volume2017
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Health Informatics

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