Linkage of large-vessel carotid atherosclerotic stroke to inflammatory genes via a systematic screen

Inna Belfer, Tianxia Wu, Heather Hipp, Joan Walter, Michele Scully, Paul A. Nyquist, Antonella Bollettino, David Goldman, Mitchell B. Max, Thomas J. DeGraba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Inflammatory cytokines including the IL-1 family, TNF-α and IL-6 mediate the formation of thrombosis on the luminal surface of atherosclerotic plaques. Gene polymorphisms that regulate these cytokines' expression may explain part of the variation in susceptibility to stroke in patients with carotid atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes in inflammatory genes as they relate to symptomatic carotid atherosclerosis. Methods: The study included 95 subjects with symptomatic (transient ischaemic attacks or stroke) and 113 subjects with asymptomatic carotid atherosclerotic disease. A panel of evenly spaced SNPs including previously reported functionally significant polymorphisms were genotyped for IL-1 β (10 SNPs), IL-1 α (nine SNPs), IL-1RN (11 SNPs), IL-6 (seven SNPs) and TNF-α and TNF-β (seven SNPs). Results: Using single SNP analysis, IL-1RN rs315934 (P=0·025), IL-1RN rs315946 (P=0·042), IL-1RN rs315921 (P=0·035), IL-6 rs1180243 (P=0·018) and IL-1 α rs2071373 (P=0·025) were associated with decreased odds of symptomatic carotid disease. Additionally, two diplotypes of the IL-1RN gene (P=0·023 and 0·0064) and one diplotype in the IL-1 α gene (P=0·02) were associated with a protective affect from cerebral ischaemic events. Logistic analysis for interaction of the protective SNPs reveals an additive effect of all SNP pair combinations. Conclusion: These results suggest that genetic polymorphisms in proinflammatory genes may contribute to interindividual differences in the development of symptomatic carotid atherosclerotic disease. Journal compilation

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-151
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Stroke
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2010


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Haplotype
  • Immune genes
  • Inflammatory
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

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