Linkage map of the short arm of human chomosome 11: Location of the genes for catalase, calcitonin, and insulin-like growth factor II

S. D. Kittur, J. W M Hoppener, S. E. Antonarakis, J. D. Daniels, D. A. Meyers, N. E. Maestri, M. Jansen, R. G. Korneluk, Barry D Nelkin, Haig Kazazian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The following order of genes on the short arm of human chromosome 11 (11p) was determined previously: parathyroid hormone (PTH)-the β-globin gene cluster (HBBC)-HRAS1/insulin. Although it is generally agreed that HRAS1 (formerly termed c-Ha-ras-1) and the insulin gene are close to each other [1-4 centimorgans (cM)], their order on chromosome 11p is still in question. We have now added three other genes, those for catalase, calcitonin, and insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II), to this map of chromosome 11p by use of restriction site polymorphism adjacent to these genes in classical linkage analysis. Most importantly, we find no evidence of linkage between the catalase and HBBC loci. In addition, our data indicate that the calcitonin gene is located between the catalase gene and the PTH gene. Our best estimate of the distance between the catalase and calcitonin genes is ≃ 16 cM, while that between the calcitonin and PTH genes is ≃ 8 cM. In agreement, very loose linkage was found between the catalase and PTH loci (≃ 26 cM). Since the catalase locus has been mapped to 11p13, these data support the view that the PTH, HBBC, HRAS1, and insulin loci are located on the distal short arm of chromosome 11. The IGF-II gene is tightly linked to both the HRAS1 oncogene and the insulin gene since no recombinants were observed between the IGF-II and the HRAS1/insulin loci. Thus, based on our linkage analysis we propose that the most likely gene order for the short arm of chromosome 11 is centromere-catalase-calcitonin-PTH-HBBC-HRAS1/insulin-telomere and that the IGF-II gene is very close to both the HRAS1 and the insulin genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5064-5067
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume82
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Insulin-Like Growth Factor II
Calcitonin
Catalase
Parathyroid Hormone
Genes
Insulin
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11
Gene Order
Chromosomes
Globins
Centromere
Telomere
Human Chromosomes
Multigene Family
Oncogenes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • General

Cite this

Linkage map of the short arm of human chomosome 11 : Location of the genes for catalase, calcitonin, and insulin-like growth factor II. / Kittur, S. D.; Hoppener, J. W M; Antonarakis, S. E.; Daniels, J. D.; Meyers, D. A.; Maestri, N. E.; Jansen, M.; Korneluk, R. G.; Nelkin, Barry D; Kazazian, Haig.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 82, No. 15, 1985, p. 5064-5067.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kittur, S. D. ; Hoppener, J. W M ; Antonarakis, S. E. ; Daniels, J. D. ; Meyers, D. A. ; Maestri, N. E. ; Jansen, M. ; Korneluk, R. G. ; Nelkin, Barry D ; Kazazian, Haig. / Linkage map of the short arm of human chomosome 11 : Location of the genes for catalase, calcitonin, and insulin-like growth factor II. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1985 ; Vol. 82, No. 15. pp. 5064-5067.
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abstract = "The following order of genes on the short arm of human chromosome 11 (11p) was determined previously: parathyroid hormone (PTH)-the β-globin gene cluster (HBBC)-HRAS1/insulin. Although it is generally agreed that HRAS1 (formerly termed c-Ha-ras-1) and the insulin gene are close to each other [1-4 centimorgans (cM)], their order on chromosome 11p is still in question. We have now added three other genes, those for catalase, calcitonin, and insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II), to this map of chromosome 11p by use of restriction site polymorphism adjacent to these genes in classical linkage analysis. Most importantly, we find no evidence of linkage between the catalase and HBBC loci. In addition, our data indicate that the calcitonin gene is located between the catalase gene and the PTH gene. Our best estimate of the distance between the catalase and calcitonin genes is ≃ 16 cM, while that between the calcitonin and PTH genes is ≃ 8 cM. In agreement, very loose linkage was found between the catalase and PTH loci (≃ 26 cM). Since the catalase locus has been mapped to 11p13, these data support the view that the PTH, HBBC, HRAS1, and insulin loci are located on the distal short arm of chromosome 11. The IGF-II gene is tightly linked to both the HRAS1 oncogene and the insulin gene since no recombinants were observed between the IGF-II and the HRAS1/insulin loci. Thus, based on our linkage analysis we propose that the most likely gene order for the short arm of chromosome 11 is centromere-catalase-calcitonin-PTH-HBBC-HRAS1/insulin-telomere and that the IGF-II gene is very close to both the HRAS1 and the insulin genes.",
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T1 - Linkage map of the short arm of human chomosome 11

T2 - Location of the genes for catalase, calcitonin, and insulin-like growth factor II

AU - Kittur, S. D.

AU - Hoppener, J. W M

AU - Antonarakis, S. E.

AU - Daniels, J. D.

AU - Meyers, D. A.

AU - Maestri, N. E.

AU - Jansen, M.

AU - Korneluk, R. G.

AU - Nelkin, Barry D

AU - Kazazian, Haig

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - The following order of genes on the short arm of human chromosome 11 (11p) was determined previously: parathyroid hormone (PTH)-the β-globin gene cluster (HBBC)-HRAS1/insulin. Although it is generally agreed that HRAS1 (formerly termed c-Ha-ras-1) and the insulin gene are close to each other [1-4 centimorgans (cM)], their order on chromosome 11p is still in question. We have now added three other genes, those for catalase, calcitonin, and insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II), to this map of chromosome 11p by use of restriction site polymorphism adjacent to these genes in classical linkage analysis. Most importantly, we find no evidence of linkage between the catalase and HBBC loci. In addition, our data indicate that the calcitonin gene is located between the catalase gene and the PTH gene. Our best estimate of the distance between the catalase and calcitonin genes is ≃ 16 cM, while that between the calcitonin and PTH genes is ≃ 8 cM. In agreement, very loose linkage was found between the catalase and PTH loci (≃ 26 cM). Since the catalase locus has been mapped to 11p13, these data support the view that the PTH, HBBC, HRAS1, and insulin loci are located on the distal short arm of chromosome 11. The IGF-II gene is tightly linked to both the HRAS1 oncogene and the insulin gene since no recombinants were observed between the IGF-II and the HRAS1/insulin loci. Thus, based on our linkage analysis we propose that the most likely gene order for the short arm of chromosome 11 is centromere-catalase-calcitonin-PTH-HBBC-HRAS1/insulin-telomere and that the IGF-II gene is very close to both the HRAS1 and the insulin genes.

AB - The following order of genes on the short arm of human chromosome 11 (11p) was determined previously: parathyroid hormone (PTH)-the β-globin gene cluster (HBBC)-HRAS1/insulin. Although it is generally agreed that HRAS1 (formerly termed c-Ha-ras-1) and the insulin gene are close to each other [1-4 centimorgans (cM)], their order on chromosome 11p is still in question. We have now added three other genes, those for catalase, calcitonin, and insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II), to this map of chromosome 11p by use of restriction site polymorphism adjacent to these genes in classical linkage analysis. Most importantly, we find no evidence of linkage between the catalase and HBBC loci. In addition, our data indicate that the calcitonin gene is located between the catalase gene and the PTH gene. Our best estimate of the distance between the catalase and calcitonin genes is ≃ 16 cM, while that between the calcitonin and PTH genes is ≃ 8 cM. In agreement, very loose linkage was found between the catalase and PTH loci (≃ 26 cM). Since the catalase locus has been mapped to 11p13, these data support the view that the PTH, HBBC, HRAS1, and insulin loci are located on the distal short arm of chromosome 11. The IGF-II gene is tightly linked to both the HRAS1 oncogene and the insulin gene since no recombinants were observed between the IGF-II and the HRAS1/insulin loci. Thus, based on our linkage analysis we propose that the most likely gene order for the short arm of chromosome 11 is centromere-catalase-calcitonin-PTH-HBBC-HRAS1/insulin-telomere and that the IGF-II gene is very close to both the HRAS1 and the insulin genes.

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