Limited clearance of pre-existing amyloid plaques after intracerebral injection of Aβ antibodies in two mouse models of Alzheimer disease

Stina M. Fangmark Tucker, David R. Borchelt, Juan C. Troncoso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated the potential utility of antibodies for the treatment of Alzheimer disease (AD). In transgenic mouse models of AD, peripheral and intracerebral administration of Aβ-specific antibodies reduces amyloid burdens to varied extents. The mechanism may involve clearance of pre-existing amyloid plaques or prevention of new amyloid formation. Here, we have used two transgenic models, the inducible CamKII-ttAxtetAPP/swe/ind (Line 107) and the APPswe/PS1dE9 (Line 85), to test the ability of intracerebral injection of Aβ antibodies to clear amyloid. Because the production of Aβ peptides in the Line 107 model is inducible, whereas production in Line 85 mice is constitutive, we could study the effects of antibody on pre-existing plaques versus continuous plaque formation. In Line 85, injection of antibody resulted in modest but statistically significant reductions in amyloid burden (average, 14%-16%). However, injected antibodies had no effect on amyloid burden in Line 107 under conditions in which the production of Aβ was suppressed, indicating that pre-existing plaques are not rapidly cleared. These results indicate that intracerebral injection of Aβ antibodies produces modest reductions in amyloid deposition in these two models and that the mechanism may involve prevention of amyloid formation rather than clearance of pre-existing plaques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-40
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
Volume67
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • Alzheimer disease
  • Amyloid precursor protein
  • Antibody
  • Immunotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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