Ligustrazine Inhibits Cartilage Endplate Hypertrophy via Suppression of TGF- β 1

Shufen Liu, Bizeng Zhao, Huipeng Shi, Qianqian Liang, Yishan Fu, Zhu Yang, Leqin Xu, Yongjun Wang, Qin Bian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


CEP hypertrophy is one of the characteristics of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). LIG exerts a protective effect on IDD in animal model. The effect of LIG on CEP hypertrophy is further investigated in the present study. Cells were isolated from hypertrophic samples obtained from patients during vertebral fusion surgery. Cellular proliferation and the expression of type I collagen (Col I) and TGF-β1 were tested. In the bipedal rats, the edges of the CEP and the sizes of noncartilaginous outgrowth, as well as the expression of osteogenic markers, Col1a, ALP, Runx2, and TGF-β1, were detected. Within two passages, the condensed hypertrophic CEP cells exhibited osteogenic capacity by bony-like nodules and ALP positive staining, along with increased expression of Col I and TGF-β1. LIG inhibited proliferation of CEP cells and downregulated the expression of Col I and TGF-β1 in vitro. Furthermore, LIG attenuated CEP hypertrophy on the lumbar spine of bipedal rats by reducing Col1a, ALP, Runx2, and TGF-β1 mRNA expression and TGF-β1 distribution in vivo. We concluded LIG exerted a preventive effect on CEP hypertrophy via suppression of TGF-β1 levels. This information could be used to develop alternative therapeutic methods to treat spinal CEP hypertrophy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1042489
JournalEvidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
StatePublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine

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